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Coping and financial strain as predictors of mental illness in over-indebted individuals in Sweden
PBM, Malmö.
Skåne Region, Malmö.
Lund University, Lund.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 50-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This cross-sectional study examined psychological mechanisms in order to increase knowledge regarding mental illness amongst 561 over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Differences were explored between individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety and individuals without probable clinical depression and/or anxiety, considering objective measures of the debt, financial strain, coping strategies as well as sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, binary logistic regression analyses were performed in order to construct a model of predictors of mental illness. In order to collect the data, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE_, as well as questions formulated by the research team, were used as measures. Prominent results showed that over-indebted individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety were younger, showed greater levels of financial strain, used adaptive coping strategies to a lesser extent, and maladaptive coping strategies to a greater extent. Additionally, financial strain, use of maladaptive and emotion-focused coping, age and employment status were significant predictors of mental illness. These results put emphasis on the importance of adaptive coping as well as the psychological exposure of over-indebted individuals. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 60, no 1, p. 50-58
Keywords [en]
anxiety, coping, depression, financial strain, Over-indebtedness
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35414DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12511ISI: 000459578300007PubMedID: 30585328OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35414DiVA, id: diva2:1276847
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved

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Ahlström, Richard

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Output format
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