miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Training of Olympic Alpine Ski Racers
Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway; Norwegian Ski Federat, Alpine Skiing, Oslo, Norway.
Norwegian Ski Federat, Alpine Skiing, Oslo, Norway.
Univ Innsbruck, Olymp Training Ctr, Innsbruck, Austria.
Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, article id 1772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Alpine combined was the only alpine ski racing event at the first Winter Olympic Games in 1936, but since then, slalom, giant slalom, super-G, downhill, and team events have also become Olympic events. Substantial improvements in slope preparation, design of courses, equipment, and the skills of Olympic alpine skiers have all helped this sport attain its present significance. Improved snow preparation has resulted in harder surfaces and improved equipment allows a more direct interaction between the skier and snow. At the same time, courses have become more challenging, with technical disciplines requiring more pronounced patterns of loading - unloading, with greater ground reaction forces. Athletes have adapted their training to meet these new demands, but little is presently known about these adaptations. Here, we describe how Olympic athletes from four of the major alpine ski racing nations prepared for the Olympic Games in South Korea in 2018. This overview describes their typical exercise programs with respect to physical conditioning, ski training and periodization, based on interviews with the coaching staff. Alpine ski racing requires mastery of a broad spectrum of physical, technical, mental, and social skills. We describe how athletes and teams deal with the multifactorial nature of the training required. Special emphasis is placed on sport-specific aspects, such as the combination of stimuli that interfere with training, training with chronic injury, training at altitude and in cold regions, the efficiency and effectiveness of ski training and testing, logistic challenges and their effects on fatigue, including the stress of frequent traveling. Our overall goal was to present as complete a picture of the training undertaken by Olympic alpine skiers as possible and on the basis of these findings propose how training for alpine ski racing might be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 1772
Keywords [en]
snow sport, elite, performance, physical demands, physical conditioning, periodization, injury, health
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35404DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.01772ISI: 000454106700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35404DiVA, id: diva2:1276586
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(475 kB)110 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 475 kBChecksum SHA-512
14f100fc65f8a6a5e44cfbb6d8bd9dc0f3709b17c42d13461bd7f2f1a18ca6bf72735ebce959ecf3c5f403af06f2a19ef8c0519aa98f449841e4f4a3f0a488ac
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Holmberg, Hans-Christer

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Holmberg, Hans-Christer
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Frontiers in Physiology
Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 110 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 114 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf