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Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence: A Comparison of Antisocial and Family-Only Perpetrators
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Örebro Univ, Örebro; Swinburne Univ Technol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
Örebro Univ, Örebro.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 219-239Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Subtyping male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) based on their generality of violence could facilitate the difficult task of matching perpetrator subtype with efficient risk management strategies. As such, the aim of the present study was to compare antisocial and family-only male perpetrators of interpersonal violence in terms of (a) demographic and legal characteristics, (b) risk factors for violence, and (c) assessed risk and the importance of specific risk factors for violence. A quantitative design was used in this retrospective register study on data obtained from the Swedish police. Risk assessments performed with the Swedish version of the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER) and police registers were used. A sample of 657 male alleged IPV perpetrators were classified as antisocial (n = 341) or family-only (n = 316) based on their generality of violence. The results showed that the antisocial perpetrators were significantly younger, as well as more psychologically abusive. Antisocial perpetrators also had significantly more present risk factors for IPV, and were assessed with a significantly higher risk for acute and severe or deadly IPV, compared with the family-only perpetrators. The subtypes also evidenced unique risk factors with a significant impact on elevated risk for acute and severe or deadly such violence. Key findings in the present study concerned the subtypes evidencing unique risk factors increasing the risk for acute and severe or deadly IPV. Major implications of this study include the findings of such unique "red flag" risk factors for each subtype. To prevent future IPV, it is vital for the risk assessor to be aware of these red flags when making decisions about risk, as well as risk management strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 34, no 2, p. 219-239
Keywords [en]
intimate partner violence, antisocial perpetrators, family-only perpetrators, B-SAFER, risk factors
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35400DOI: 10.1177/0886260516640547ISI: 000453216700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052022255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35400DiVA, id: diva2:1276531
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Identifying risk for recidivism among partner violent men reported to the Swedish police
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying risk for recidivism among partner violent men reported to the Swedish police
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a global public health issue, where every third woman has experienced such violence. Moreover, IPV recidivism rates are generally high. These figures indicate that the police need a better understanding of the risk factors related to those perpetrators who pose the highest risk of recidivating in IPV. To this end, research has found that IPV perpetrators who are violent towards their partner as well as others (referred to as the antisocial subtype) display more risk factors for IPV than those perpetrators who are violent only against their partner (referred to as the family-only subtype). However, there are still uncertainties whether these two subtypes differ in terms of characteristics related to recidivism (i.e., risk profile) and actual recidivism. Thus, this thesis aimed to examine differences in risk profiles and recidivism rates between the antisocial perpetrators and the family-only perpetrators. This thesis was based on a systematic literature review and three empirical studies. The empirical studies were based on data collected from the Swedish police and consisted of IPV risk assessments. The risk assessments were performed by the police using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER). These empirical studies relied on a sample of 657 male perpetrators who had been reported to the police and subjected to a violence risk assessment for allegedly perpetrating IPV against a female partner. The results demonstrated that categorizing partner violent men as either antisocial or family-only can help identify the perpetrators most at risk to recidivate in IPV. As such, the antisocial perpetrators displayed a greater diversity as well as degree of risk factors for IPV, and were more likely to recidivate in IPV, despite legal interventions from the police. In contrast, the family-only perpetrators presented with fewer risk factors, were characterized as socially well-adjusted outside of the relationship, and less likely to recidivate in IPV. However, several family-only perpetrators recidivated in IPV, meaning that such perpetrators should not routinely be dismissed as low-risk perpetrators. In conclusion, the results of this thesis can be used to improve the ability of those assigned to assess risk for future IPV to identify those perpetrators most at risk to recidivate. In turn, this could enable a more informed and adequate response aiming to prevent, or at best reduce, this risk. 

Abstract [sv]

Mäns partnervåld mot kvinnor är ett globalt folkhälsoproblem där uppskattningsvis var tredje kvinna någon gång utsatts för sådant våld. Dessutom är återfall i partnervåld vanligt förekommande. Detta indikerar på att polisen behöver mer kunskap om vilka förövare som utgör den högsta risken för att återfalla i nytt partnervåld. Tidigare forskning visar på att de partnervåldsförövare som är generellt våldsamma (d.v.s. våldsamma både mot sin partner och mot andra) uppvisar fler riskfaktorer för återfall i partnervåld än de partnervåldsförövare som är våldsamma enbart mot sin partner. Dock finns det otillräcklig kunskap huruvida dessa förövare uppvisar olika riskprofiler (d.v.s. riskfaktorer och karaktäristika relaterade till återfall i partnervåld) och återfallsbenägenhet. Syftet med föreliggande avhandling var således att undersöka skillnader i riskprofiler och återfall i partnervåld mellan generellt våldsamma och icke generellt våldsamma partnervåldsförövare. Föreliggande avhandling utgjordes dels av en systematisk litteraturöversikt, dels av tre empiriska vetenskapliga studier. De empiriska studierna baserades på riskbedömningar utförda av polisen på misstänkta partnervåldsförövare. Dessa riskbedömningar utfördes med hjälp av riskbedömningsinstrumentet Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER). Urvalet för dessa empiriska studier bestod av 657 män som anmälts till polisen för partnervåld mot en kvinna. Resultaten påvisade att generellt våldsamma och icke generellt våldsamma partnervåldsförövare uppvisade olika riskprofiler och återfallsbenägenhet. Generellt våldsamma partnervåldsförövare uppvisade fler riskfaktorer för återfall i partnervåld och var mer benägna att återfalla i sådant våld. Icke generellt våldsamma partnervåldsförövare uppvisade färre riskfaktorer och återföll i mindre utsträckning. Dessa förövare var även mer socialt välanpassade utanför relationen. Dock fanns det flera icke generellt våldsamma partnervåldsförövare som återföll i partnervåld, vilket innebär att dessa förövare inte rutinmässigt bör betraktas som en låg-risk-grupp för återfall. Sammanfattningsvis kan möjligheten att identifiera de förövare som löper högst risk att återfalla i nytt partnervåld förbättras om hänsyn tas till huruvida dessa förövare är generellt eller icke generellt våldsamma. Detta kan i slutändan bidra till ökade möjligheter för polisen och övriga samhället att reducera de höga återfallssiffrorna och därmed förhindra partnervåld mot kvinnor. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2020. p. 74
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 319
Keywords
Intimate partner violence, perpetrators, recidivism, antisocial, family-only
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38938 (URN)978-91-88947-44-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-05-15, sal C306 Mittuniversitetet Sundsvall, och Hörsal L2 Örebro universitet, Sundsvall/Örebro, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Seminariet kommer att hållas via videolänk (zoom). 

Available from: 2020-04-23 Created: 2020-04-22 Last updated: 2020-04-23Bibliographically approved

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