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Simulations of Highly Complex Social Systems as a Tool for Designing Information Systems
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
2004 (English)In: Anticipatory systems and cybernetics. Soft computing and computional intelligence. Computer Science and simulation models.: Partial proceedings of the sixth international conference CASYS´03 on Computing Anticipatory Systems, Liége, Belgium, August 11-16, 2003 / [ed] Dubois, D M, Liege: CHAOS , 2004, Vol. 14, 286-298 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

When designing information systems, it would be good to be able to compare alternatives. However, information systems are complex phenomena as they encompass the humans involved in distributing the information. One possible way of making comparisons would be through simulation. Having constructed a prototype for such a simulation we have seen that the traditional approaches, such as Cellular Automata, utilized within the social simulations field are usable but not sufficient. However, the newer agent-based approaches show more promise. We conclude that in order to make simulations of our kind possible, the new technologies, such as multi-agent systems, need be adapted and extended. One of the pieces missing is an agent-based infrastructure building on anticipatory principles for agent information behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Liege: CHAOS , 2004. Vol. 14, 286-298 p.
Series
International journal of computing anticipatory systems, ISSN 1373-5411 ; 14
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7423ISBN: 2-930396-01-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-7423DiVA: diva2:127465
Conference
CATSYS´03
Available from: 2008-12-11 Created: 2008-12-07 Last updated: 2010-10-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Theoretical Base for the Simulation of Information Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Theoretical Base for the Simulation of Information Systems
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2005. 58 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University licentiate thesis, ISSN 1652-8948 ; 8
Keyword
Simulation, information system, design, modelling
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-5825 (URN)3496 (Local ID)91-85317-13-6 (ISBN)3496 (Archive number)3496 (OAI)
Presentation
(English)
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2009-05-11 Last updated: 2009-07-10Bibliographically approved
2. Organization-level information systems: Tools for supporting the development process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organization-level information systems: Tools for supporting the development process
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

All organizations have an information system. An information system is all that which contribute to the distribution within an organization, and without the information system, the organization would not survive. Despite this, work with changing or constructing information systems often end up with suboptimal results. In recent scientific articles, and within profession-specific newspapers, the figures on how many such project end up as failures range between 70 and 80 percent. One source of problems with information systems work is deficiencies of the governance of the change processes. Further, many methods applied to information systems work are in fact software systems method and may thus be suspected to miss important aspects of the information system. In this thesis I have studied approaches for supporting the information systems development process. These approaches have all included trying to find aspects of the information system and trying to measure, simulate or in other ways asses them in order to get an overview of where effort has to be added in the development process.The results of the thesis include recommendations surrounding the simulations of such aspects, as well as a model where the aspects have been formulated into criteria for information system evaluation. The CISE model (Criteria for Information Systems Evaluation) is the main product, and it is available to useas a checklist during information systems work.

Abstract [sv]

Alla organisationer har ett informationssystem. Ett informationsystem är allt det som inom en organisation bidrar till att sprida information, och utaninformationssystemet skull organisationen inte överleva. Trots detta resulterar arbete med att ändra och bygga informationssystem ofta i resultat som är sämre än önskvärda. I senare vetenskapliga artiklar, och inom den professionella pressen, nämns ofta siffror kring 70-80 procent i samband med hur ofta dessa projekt misslyckas.En källa till problem med informationssystemsarbete är brister i styrningen av förändringsprocesserna. Vidare, många metoder som används för informationssystemsarbete är egentligen metoder avsedda för mjukvaruutveckling, och som därmed kan misstänkas missa viktiga aspekter när de tillämpas på informationssystem. I den här avhandlingen har jag studerat angreppssätt för att stödja informationssystemsutvecklingsprocessen. Dessa angreppssätt satsar alla påatt hitta aspekter av informationsystem, och att försöka mäta, simulera eller i andra former uppskatta aspekterna för att få en översikt över var mer kraft behövs i utvecklingsprocessen. Resultaten av avhandlingen inkluderar rekommendationer kring simulering av sådana aspekter, samt en model där aspekterna formulerats som kriterierför utvärdering av informationssystem. CISE-modellen (Criteria for InformationSystems Evaluation) är den främsta produkten av avhandlingen, och den gåratt använda som en checklista under informationssystemsarbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
östersund: Mid Sweden Univ, 2010. 71 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 94
National Category
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-12112 (URN)978-91-86073-93-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-10-12 Created: 2010-10-12 Last updated: 2010-10-12Bibliographically approved

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Palmius, JoelEgonsdotter, GunillaAsproth, Viveca
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