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A longitudinal study of the relationship between empowerment and burnout among registered and assistant nurses.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
2008 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 30, no 4, 343-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relation between empowerment and burnout was investigated using a two-wave and two-variable panel model. A questionnaire was completed on two occasions, one year apart, by 1,356 nurses. The paths in the model were estimated using regression analyses and the following results were obtained: (a) empowerment is a stable state; (b) higher levels of empowerment are related to lower levels of burnout, when empowerment and burnout are studied at the same point in time; (c) higher prior levels of empowerment can be associated with higher later levels of burnout, when empowerment and burnout are studied at different points in time; (d) for assistant nurses, but not for registered nurses, prior higher levels of burnout resulted in lower later levels of empowerment, indicating a reciprocal relation between the two concepts. The results imply that what is a protective factor from a cross-sectional perspective may be a risk factor from a longitudinal perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 30, no 4, 343-352 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7230ISI: 000258695100002PubMedID: 18725697Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-50049105795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-7230DiVA: diva2:127080
Available from: 2008-11-30 Created: 2008-11-29 Last updated: 2009-06-07Bibliographically approved

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Hochwälder, Jacek
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