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Hur lönsamt är solel?: Förändras lönsamheten av solel i kombination med smarta elnät?
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I detta examensarbete har syftet varit att undersöka huruvida smarta elnät kommer att motivera en investering i solcellsanläggningar, rapporten riktar sig främst till bostadsrättsföreningar. För att genomföra detta har en litteraturstudie genomförts. Detta resulterade i vilka typer av lagar och regler som gäller idag och hur de används. Litteraturstudien resulterade även i vilka olika scenarion som var troliga att kunna inträffa i framtiden och utifrån dessa kunde ett resultat arbetas fram. De scenarion som valdes att titta närmare på var om vad som skulle hända om fler började köra elbil, om föreningarna agerar elhandlare och säljer solel till medlemmarna och två olika typer av lagring, nätlagring och batterilagring. När scenarierna var fastställda började arbetet med att jämföra dessa för att se vilken som skulle ge bäst ekonomiska avkastning. Resultatet som erhölls var att batterilagring gav högst avkastning men också längst återbetalningstid. Det visade sig även att nuvärdet för en anläggning med batterilagring var lägst bland de undersökta fallen däremot hade lagring i nätet högst nuvärde. Det som gav kortast återbetalningstid var lagring i elnät. Det går att konstatera att bäst resultat skulle erhållas med hjälp av lagring i elbilar då man slipper den dyra investeringskostnaden i batterier men samtidigt kan behålla högst självförbrukandegrad och därmed högst avkastning.

Abstract [en]

In this thesis, the aim has been to investigate whether smart grids will motivate an investment in solar cell installations. The report is primarily aimed at housing associations. To complete this, a literature study has been conducted. This resulted in what types of laws and regulations apply today and how they are used. The literature study also resulted in the different scenarios that were likely to occur in the future, and from this a result could be produced. The Scenarios that was chosen to look into was “what would happen if more people started driving electric cars, if the associations acted as electricity dealers and sold solar power to the members and two different types of storage, grid storage and battery storage”. Once the scenarios were established, the work started comparing these to see which one would give the best economic return. The result that could be obtained was that battery storage yielded the highest return but also the longest repayment period, which gave the lowest repayment time was storage in power grids. It was also found that the present value of a battery storage facility was lowest among the cases investigated, but on the other hand, storage in the power grid had the highest present value. It can be concluded that the best results could be obtained from storage in electric cars, avoiding the expensive in-vestment cost in batteries but at the same time maintaining the highest self-consuming degree therefore keeping the highest yield.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 40
Keywords [sv]
energieffektivisering, smarta elnät, solenergi, solceller, energilagring.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35001Local ID: ER-V18-G3-008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-35001DiVA, id: diva2:1267442
Subject / course
Energy Technology EN2
Educational program
Energy Engineering TENIG 180 higher education credits
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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