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Krympstudie inom additiv tillverkning: En fallstudie med elektronstrålesmältning av Ti6Al4V
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I detta   projekt har en studie av krympning vid additiv tillverkning i materialet   Ti6Al4V gjorts, detta för att analysera hur utskrifter i olika storlekar och   riktningar påverkas. Arbetet har genomförts av två studenter vid   Mittuniversitetet i Östersund och görs på uppdrag av universitetets   forskningssida. I projektet har förstudier gjorts för att lägga en grund för   arbetet. Under förstudierna hittades information om att krympningen kunde   minskas med hjälp av att använda stödmaterial i utskrifterna. Design för de   detaljer som ska skrivas ut har valts ut med hjälp av tidigare forskning där   trappor varit rekommenderat för att lätt kunna avgöra vad som händer i olika   delar av en utskrift. Även detaljer för mätning av vassa kanter och   avrundningar skrevs ut för att kunna kontrollera dessa om tid blev över men   dessa mättes aldrig då fokus under hela detta arbetet legat på trapporna.   Trapporna skrevs ut i tre olika storlekar. De skrevs ut både med och utan   stöd och i både liggande och stående led i en EBM-maskin, Arcam S12. När de   blivit utskrivna mättes de med hjälp av mikroskopet “Dino-Light edge Digital   Microscope”. Informationen som kommit fram ur dessa mätningar har sedan lagts   in i ett Excel dokument där tabeller och grafer tagits fram för att göra det   lätt att uppfatta tendenser. De utmärkande tendenser som upptäcktes var att   en större krympning alltid inträffade vid det första och tredje steget i en   utskrift. Detta inträffade oavsett vilken storlek av trappor som   kontrollerades och kunde undvikas med hjälp av att använda stödmaterial. I   modellerna med stödmaterial kunde inte speciella tendenser synas och den   krympning som syns i dessa mätningar kan bero på fel från den mänskliga   faktorn vid mätningen. Trenderna är tydliga i de detaljer som skrivits ut   utan stödmaterial. Detta fenomen kan bero på att materialet i skrivplattan   som finns i skrivaren inte är detsamma som Ti6Al4V, vilket kan ha en inverkan   på det utskrivna materialet i de lagren som är närmast skrivplattan. Krymp i   detaljerna beror också på att pulvret i skrivaren blir mindre då det smälter   vilket gör att varje lager inte får förväntad/ önskad tjocklek. Detta är ett   problem som följer med genom hela utskriften oavsett om stödmaterial används   eller ej. Arbetet som gjorts anses lyckat.

Abstract [en]

This project is a about studying and anylazing shrinkage during the   use of a EBM-machine in the material Ti6A14V. The study is done to anaylze   how prints of diffrent size and printing direction are affected by the   shrinkage. The project is done by two students at Mid Sweden University in   Östersund and the project is requested by the research department of the   university. Research has been made before the start of the project to give   the students a solid understanding in the matter. During the research for   information it was found that the shrink could be minimized by using   supportmaterial in the print. The design for the parts that was going to be   printed have been chosen through earlier studies of the matter where stairs   was recommended to easy be able to see what goes on in the different parts of   a print. Some details was also created so that measurements considering sharp   edges and round details could be checked for deformations if there was enough   time. Those were never measured since all the time of this project was   focused around the stairs. The stairs were printed in three different sizes.   They were also printed with and without supportmaterial and both standing up   and lying down in the printer EBM Arcam S12. When the parts had been printed   they were measured with a microscope called “Dino-Light edge Digital   Microscope”. The information gotten from these measurements were put into a   Microsoft Excel document where tables and graphs were created to make it easy   to spot the tendencies of the prints. The tendencies that were noticeable was   that the first and third step of every print had more shrink than the others.   This occurred no matter the size the stairs were but did not occur in the   parts printed with supportmaterial. No tendencies were noticed in the prints   with supportmaterial and the shrinkage that was noted in these prints might   also be because of the human factor. The trends are clearly visible in the   parts printed without supportmaterial. This might be because of the different   material in the printing plate that is stainless steel instead of Ti6Al4V.   This might cause problem for the layers that are printed closest to the   plate. The reason for shrinking in the details is also because of the fact   that the powder that is being printed gets melted and therefor shrinks. This   results in a thicker layer of powder everytime the powder is applied to the   printing surface. This is a problem that goes on throughout the whole print   no matter if supportmaterial is used or not. The work completed is considered to be well done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 71
Keywords [en]
Additive Manufacturing, Shrinkage, Deformation, EBM, Ti6Al4V
Keywords [sv]
Additiv tillverkning, Krympning, Deformation, EBM, Ti6Al4V
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34776DOI: MT-V18-G3-001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34776DiVA, id: diva2:1258152
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering MT1
Educational program
Sportteknologi - maskiningenjör inom innovativ produktutveckling TSPMG 180 GR
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Betyg: 180809

Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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