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Perceiving emotions with a bilingual mind
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2018. , p. 101
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 289
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34736ISBN: 978-91-88527-75-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34736DiVA, id: diva2:1256802
Public defence
2018-12-05, F234, Campus Östersund, Östersund, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbete opublicerat: delarbete 3 (inskickat).

At the time of the doctoral defence the following paper was unpublished: paper 3 (submitted).

Available from: 2018-10-19 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-10-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1208-1219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study investigated the identification of facial expressions of emotion, a socio-emotional task that has not previously been examined in children from different linguistic environments. Eighty-four 4-year-olds growing up in one of three linguistic environments (monolingual, dominant bilingual, balanced bilingual) performed a task where they identified facial expressions (happiness, anger, sadness, fear). Accuracy was analysed with a mixed-design analysis of variance using group (monolinguals, dominant bilinguals and balanced bilinguals) and emotion (happy, angry, sad and scared) as between- and within-group variables, respectively. Our results showed a main effect of emotion, but there was no main effect of group. This suggests that 4-year-olds’ linguistic environment does not affect performance on an identification of facial expressions task. This study was the first to investigate the identification of facial expressions of emotion in children coming from different linguistic environments. As the socio-emotional development of bilinguals is not yet well understood, especially regarding the visual perception of emotions, this study is amongst the first to contribute to this area of research. Our results are therefore of significance as a building block for additional studies that should explore the visual perception of emotions in other types of tasks and populations.

Keywords
Facial expression of emotion, socio-emotional development, linguistic environment, language exposure, emotion perception
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33781 (URN)10.1177/1367006918781069 (DOI)2-s2.0-85048768132 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
2. A prosodic bias, not an advantage, in bilinguals' interpretation of emotional prosody
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A prosodic bias, not an advantage, in bilinguals' interpretation of emotional prosody
2019 (English)In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, ISSN 1366-7289, E-ISSN 1469-1841, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 416-424Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A bilingual advantage has been found in prosody understanding in pre-school children. To understand this advantage better, we asked 73 children (6-8 years) to identify the emotional valence of spoken words, based on either semantics or emotional prosody (which were either consistent or discrepant with each other). Bilingual experience ranged from no to equal exposure to and use of two languages. Both age and bilingual experience predicted accurate identification of prosody, particularly for trials where the semantics were discrepant with the targeted prosody. Bilingual experience, but not age, predicted a prosodic bias, meaning that participants had more difficulty ignoring the irrelevant discrepant prosody when the task was to identify the semantics of the word. The decline of a semantic bias was predicted by age and bilingual experience together. Our results suggest that previous findings on the bilingual advantage in prosody processing may in fact be driven by a prosodic bias.

Keywords
semantic bias, prosodic bias, developmental differences, bilingualism
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33708 (URN)10.1017/S1366728918000640 (DOI)000461558600012 ()
Available from: 2018-06-05 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
3. Empirical investigation of the relationship between social flexibility and bilingualism
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Empirical investigation of the relationship between social flexibility and bilingualism
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34738 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-10-19Bibliographically approved

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Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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