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Development of strong and water resistant packaging materials from high yield pulps – fundamental aspects
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering. MoRe Research Örnsköldsvik AB. (FORIC)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering. (FORIC)
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering. (FORIC)
MoRe Research Örnsköldsvik AB.
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2018 (English)In: IMPC 2018, Trondheim, Norway, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This work is focused on fundamental aspects of the densification of paper sheets during hot-pressing under conditions where the lignin in the fibre walls is softened. In this study light microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques were used to reveal the mechanisms in the fibre network structure within the paper sheets that arises due to densification and the impact of lignin. UV and staining methods and spectrometric observations of the ultrastructure of cross section of paper sheets and fibre surfaces will highlight the changes that occur in the fibre structures. This study improves the understanding of how fibres collapse and how internal fibre-fibre bonds in lignin-rich mechanical pulp affect the physical properties of the final paper sheet. To demonstrate this, paper sheets from five different pulps containing different concentration of natural lignin were produced. Handsheets of 150 g/m2 were prepared in a Rapid Köthen (RK) laboratory sheet former, where the sheets were press-dried at 100 kPa and ca 90oC to a dry content of 45-50% d.c. After 24 hours in room temperature the hand sheets were hot-pressed in a temperature interval from 20 – 200oC at a constant pressure in a cylinder-press at a speed of 1 m/min. The results show that remarkable improvements on paper sheets, based lignin-rich pulps, can be achieved in terms of increased tensile index (up to 85 kNm/kg), compression strength, SCT, (up to 38 kNm/kg) and wet strength (up to 10 kNm/kg), which depends on the densification of the fibre structure at high temperature and pressure in the load nip. It is concluded that this to a major extent is related to that the lignin rich fibres are compressed at high enough temperature to both softened and develop tacky surfaces so that the fibres are locked into their positions within the highly densified sheets. The SEM evaluation shows how the surface structure get dense at pressing at 200oC for the CTMP based paper sheets. The light microscopy studies of the sheet cross sections reveal how the fibres collapse in the case of CTMP based sheets while fibres from bleached kraft pulp based sheets are quite well collapsed already at room temperature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim, Norway, 2018.
Keywords [en]
ctmp, densification, hand sheets, hyp, lignin, mechanical pulp, nssc, strength properties, tmp, wet strength
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34675DiVA, id: diva2:1254430
Conference
International Mechanical Pulping Conference (IMPC) 2018, May 27-30, 2018, Trondheim, Norway
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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Samuelsson, TovePettersson, GunillaNorgren, SvenHöglund, HansEngstrand, Per

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