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The influence of physiobiomechanical parameters, technical aspects of shooting, and psychophysiological factors on biathlon performance: A review
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5574-8679
University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, ISSN 2095-2546, E-ISSN 2213-2961, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 394-404Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The biathlon, an Olympic sporting discipline that combines cross-country skiing with rifle marksmanship, entails considerable physiological demands, as well as fine motor control while shooting after intense exercise and under mental pressure. Although much of our knowledge about cross-country skiing is probably also applicable to the biathlon, carrying the rifle and shooting under stress make this discipline somewhat unique. The present review summarizes and examines the scientific literature related to biathlon performance, with a focus on physiological and biomechanical factors and shooting technique, as well as psychophysiological aspects of shooting performance. We conclude with suggestions for future research designed to extend our knowledge about the biathlon, which is presently quite limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 7, no 4, p. 394-404
Keywords [en]
Cortical activity, Gaze behavior, Postural balance, Skiing, Triggering
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34061DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2018.09.003ISI: 000449479900003PubMedID: 30450247Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054729968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34061DiVA, id: diva2:1229774
Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Laaksonen, MarkoHolmberg, Hans-Christer

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