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A Prospective Study on the Influence of Scholastic Factors on the Prevalence and Initiation of Illicit Drug Misuse in Adolescence
Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar; Special Orthopedic Hospital Biograd, Croatia.
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split.
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split.
Department for Ecology, Agronomy and Aquaculture, University of Zadar.
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, no 5, article id 874Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the scholastic factors related to illicit drug misuse (IDM) and the initiation of IDM among older adolescents from Bosnia andHerzegovina. Methods: This 2-year prospective study included 436 participants (202 females), who were an average of 16 years old at the beginning of the study (baseline). The participants were tested at baseline and follow-up (20 months later). The predictors included variables of scholastic-achievement (grade point average, school absences, unexcused absences and behavioral grade). The criteria were: (i) IDM at baseline; (ii) IDM at follow-up; and (iii) initiation of IDM over the study course. Results: Logistic regression indicated increased odds of IDM in adolescents who were more frequent absent from school (baseline: Odds Ratio (OR): 3.73, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 2.12–6.57; follow-up: OR: 2.91, 95% CI: 1.90–4.65). The lower grade point average and more unexcused absences were evidenced for adolescents who consumed drugs on follow-up(OR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.11–2.51; OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.30–2.32 for grade point average and unexcused absences, respectively). Initiation of IDM was predicted by frequent absences from school (OR: 2.2,95% CI: 1.3–3.8), and lower behavioral grades (OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.2–3.3). Conclusions: The findings confirmed strong correlations between scholastic failure and IDM. Absences from school and lower behavioral grades at baseline were predictive of the initiation of IDM in older adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2018. Vol. 15, no 5, article id 874
Keywords [en]
substance misuse, academic achievement, puberty, association
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33551DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15050874ISI: 000435197300042PubMedID: 29702611Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046132057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-33551DiVA, id: diva2:1203235
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2018-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedScopushttp://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/5/874

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Pojskic, Haris

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