miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Prevalence and Correlates of Physical Activity/Inactivity and Sedentary Behavior among High-School Adolescents in Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9780-4192
Show others and affiliations
(English)In: Iranian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2251-6085Article in journal, News item (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Background

Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior are the main risk factors for non-communicable diseases. However, there is a lack of reliable data regarding the recommended level of physical activity and sedentary behavior and its correlates among school students in Iran. The aim of the present study was to report the prevalence and correlates of physical activity/ inactivity and sedentary behavior among Iranian high school adolescents.

Methods

The Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) was used for data collection. Related data comprising socio-demographics, health risk behavior, and protective factors were obtained from 1,517 high school students. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the association between relevant independent variables and the dependent outcome variable (physical inactivity/sedentary behavior).

Results

The prevalence of physical activity was 27.8 %, physical inactivity 72.2 % and sedentary behavior 71.4 %. Being female (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 1.48; 95 % Cl [1.08, 2.03]; being overweight or obese (AOR = 2.22; 95% CI [1.23, 2.92]; walking/cycling to or from school on 1-4 days (AOR = 1.57; 95% CI [1.09, 2.25];  sitting 3 or more hours/day (sedentary behavior) (AOR = 1.85; 95% CI [1.39, 2.46]; insufficient vegetable intake (AOR = 1.44; 95% CI [1.06, 1.97]; being bullied (AOR = 1.56; 95% CI [1.08, 2.25];, and lack of parental support (AOR = 1.54; 95% CI [1.14, 2.07]; peer support (AOR = 1.36; 95% CI [1.04, 1.78];  and parental connectivity (protective factors) (AOR = 1.44; 95% CI [1.10, 1.90];  were positively associated with physical inactivity. On the other hand, walking/cycling to or from school on 5-7 days (AOR = 0.44; 95% CI [0.32, 0.60]; was negatively associated with physical inactivity. Walking/cycling to or from school on 1-4 days (AOR = 1.40; 95% CI [1.05, 1.88]; being physically inactive (AOR = 1.53; 95% CI [1.19, 1.97]; inadequate fruit intake (AOR = 1.79; 95% CI [1.33, 2.41]; and being bullied (AOR = 1.70; 95% CI [1.23, 2.33]; were positively associated with sedentary behavior.

Conclusion

The prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior was high in our studied sample. Interventions that address the issue of active school transport (making safe paths for walking or bicycling), sedentary behavior (lowering screen-based activities), fruit and vegetable intake (availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables at home), family and peer support and bullying (decreasing victimization by increasing students’ awareness) should be given more priority by the public health authorities.

Keywords [en]
Physical activity, physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, Students, Global School-based Student Health Survey, Iran.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33296OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-33296DiVA, id: diva2:1191339
Available from: 2018-03-18 Created: 2018-03-18 Last updated: 2018-04-11

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

http://ijph.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijph

Authority records BETA

Ziaei, RezaSoares, JoaquimViitasara, Eija

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ziaei, RezaSoares, JoaquimViitasara, Eija
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Iranian Journal of Public Health
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 121 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf