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The face in the crowd revisited: A threat advantage with schematic stimuli
Karolinska institutet.
Karolinska institutet.
Karolinska institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5403-0091
2001 (English)In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-3514, E-ISSN 1939-1315, Vol. 80, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schematic threatening, friendly, and neutral faces were used to test the hypothesis that humans preferentially orient their attention toward threat. Using a visual search paradigm, participants searched for discrepant faces in matrices of otherwise identical faces. Across 5 experiments, results consistently showed faster and more accurate detection of threatening than friendly targets. The threat advantage was obvious regardless of whether the conditions favored parallel or serial search (i.e., involved neutral or emotional distractors), and it was valid for inverted faces. Threatening angry faces were more quickly and accurately detected than were other negative faces (sad or "scheming"), which suggests that the threat advantage can be attributed to threat rather than to the negative valence or the uniqueness of the target display.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 80, p. 381-396
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33143DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.80.3.381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-33143DiVA, id: diva2:1187333
Available from: 2018-03-03 Created: 2018-03-03 Last updated: 2018-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Esteves, Francisco
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