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Physiological Capacity and Training Routines of Elite Cross-Country Skiers: Approaching the Upper Limits of Human Endurance
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Ctr Elite Sports Res, Trondheim, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sports Res Ctr)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, ISSN 1555-0265, E-ISSN 1555-0273, Vol. 12, no 8, p. 1003-1011Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cross-country (XC) skiing is one of the most demanding of endurance sports, involving protracted competitions on varying terrain employing a variety of skiing techniques that require upper- and/or lower-body work to different extents. Through more effective training and extensive improvements in equipment and track preparation, the speed of cross-country ski races has increased more than that of any other winter Olympic sport, and, in addition, new types of racing events have been introduced. To a certain extent this has altered the optimal physiological capacity required to win, and the training routines of successful skiers have evolved accordingly. The long-standing tradition of researchers working closely with XC-ski coaches and athletes to monitor progress, improve training, and refine skiing techniques has provided unique physiological insights revealing how these athletes are approaching the upper limits of human endurance. This review summarizes current scientific knowledge concerning the demands involved in elite XC skiing, as well as the physiological capacity and training routines of the best athletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 12, no 8, p. 1003-1011
Keywords [en]
aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, efficiency, maximal oxygen uptake, exercise performance, speed and strength
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32525DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0749ISI: 000415614900002PubMedID: 28095083Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029696205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-32525DiVA, id: diva2:1167917
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Holmberg, Hans-Christer

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