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The effects of introducing Tabata interval training and stability exercises to school children as a school-based intervention program
Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar/Växjö.
Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. (Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7781-8164
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Linnéuniversitetet, Kalmar/Växjö. (Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6653-3414
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 31, no 4, article id 20170043Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Physical activities during leisure time as well as school hours have changed over the past few years, with adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary lifestyle.

Objective

The overall objective of this mixed-methods study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a 4-min Tabata interval training into a lower secondary school context. A further aim was to evaluate the possible effects on: coordination, balance, and strength.

Methods

The study was conducted as an intervention study with a mixed-method approach. Forty-three children, aged 7–9 years, participated in the intervention group. Additionally, 13 children were recruited as a control group. The intervention itself was delivered by the teachers and was performed for 4-min every day in a classroom setting. All participants performed physical tests before and after the intervention period to evaluate the Tabata training. After the completion of the 6-week Tabata interval training, the four teachers were interviewed.

Results

The push-ups (p = 0.004), kneeling push-ups (p = 0.03), and standing long jump (p = 0.01) improved in the intervention group after 6 weeks. No differences were observed between the genders. The teachers experienced that it worked well to integrate the Tabata interval training in the classroom setting.

Conclusion

After 6 weeks, a school-based Tabata intervention program improved physical performance. The teachers saw no obstacles in including the Tabata intervention program in a classroom setting and pointed out several positive aspects such as an increased energy level and development in the children’s movement patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 31, no 4, article id 20170043
Keywords [en]
classroom exercise, exertion, physical activity, school exercise program
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32469DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2017-0043Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072281883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-32469DiVA, id: diva2:1166467
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Björklund, GlennAlricsson, Marie

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