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Lifestyle Changes in Diet and Physical Activities after Group Education for Type 2 Diabetes: The Active Ingredient in the Education. A Qualitative Study
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord Universitetet, Norway.
Faculty of Teacher and Interpreter Education, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1614-7379
2017 (English)In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 7, no 10, p. 1181-1195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) for patients with

type 2 diabetes requires efficient teaching methods that make patients want to

change lifestyle in terms of their diabetes. The study looks at what may be the

active ingredient in this DSME. Objective: To explore how participants in

DSME, with an interactive learning method, experienced changes in relation

to diet and physical activity. Method: We studied possible changes in diet and

physical activity by semi-structured individual interviews of 16 participants

attending DSME. Results: Before the DSME, the participants felt insecure

about what to eat, and they expressed little interest in changing their physical

activity. Just after the DSME, they were more optimistic about diet because

they had learned how to interpret food labels and compose their meals. Furthermore,

they had experienced the benefit of physical activity in relation to

their blood glucose levels. Behavior changes appeared to persist the following

half year. We discuss the findings in light of the principles of interactive

learning. The participants experienced an effect of their behavior changes, and

blood glucose measurement was used as a tool to gain control and reach a

state of well-being. Conclusion: From being insecure about what to eat, the

patients acquired knowledge to handle their diet through the DSME. They

learned how to compose their meals and use physical activity to regulate their

blood glucose. We suggest that the interactive learning used in the DSME was

an active ingredient that led to changes in behavior and should be considered

as an educational method in DSME for patient with type 2 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, no 10, p. 1181-1195
Keywords [en]
Behavior Change, Diabetes, Self-Management Education, Nursing, Quality Improvement, Qualitative Research, Teaching/Learning Strategies, Interactive Learning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32240DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.710086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-32240DiVA, id: diva2:1162517
Available from: 2017-12-04 Created: 2017-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Hellzén, Ove

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CiteExportLink to record
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