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Ambiguity among Managers in Small-Scale Enterprises: How to Handle Business and Workplace Health Management
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5935-5688
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Nord University, Norway; NTNU, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6558-3129
2017 (English)In: Societies, ISSN 1090-9389, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-17, article id 31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite extensive research on health in working life, few studies focus on this issue from the perspective of managers in small-scale enterprises (SSEs). To gain deeper knowledge of managers’ perceptions and strategies for dealing with workplace health management, 13 Norwegian and Swedish SSE managers were interviewed after participating in a workplace health development project. The methodical approach was based on Grounded Theory with a constructivist orientation. The main theme that emerged was ‘ambiguity in workplace health management and maintaining the business’, which was related to the categories ‘internal workplace settings’, ‘workplace surroundings’,and ‘leadership strategies’. The managers experienced ambiguity due to internal and external demands. These requirements were linked to the core challenges in dealing with multitasking leadership, financial decision-making, labour legislation, staff development and maintaining business. However, the managers developed new skills and competence and thereby a more reflexive approach and readiness to create a health-promoting workplace from being part of a development project. The implications are that managers in SSEs need to exchange experiences and discuss workplace health issues with other managers in networks. It is also important that occupational health services and social and welfare organizations use tailor-made models and strategies for supporting SSEs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-17, article id 31
Keyword [en]
small-scale enterprises; managers; workplace health management; interviews; Grounded Theory
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32043DOI: 10.3390/soc7040031ISI: 000419182300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-32043DiVA, id: diva2:1156399
Projects
Modeller för företagshälsovård i mindre företag
Funder
AFA Insurance, Dnr 130190
Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-13 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Vinberg, StigHansen, ElisabethLandstad, Bodil

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