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Sports engagement and its impact on attitudes toward delinquency in male youth: A qualitative study from a youth perspective
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Most crime occurs in adolescence, a period in which procriminal attitudes are most prevalent. Previous research has shown that procreational activites such as sports may reduce delinquency by e.g. improving the social functioning of youth. In some cases however, sports has been shown to promote procriminal attitudes. In order to shed some light on this inconsistency, the objective of this paper was to analyze the impact of sports engagement on the attitudes toward delinquency in male youth from a youth perspective, and to analyze the role of sports engagement in light of Travis Hirschi's social bond theory. Method: Using a qualitative study design, eight subjects aged 16 to 22 – of which five had procriminal attitudes in the past – were interviewed with semi-structured interviewing. Inductive and deductive content analyses were applied. Results: Five subjects experienced a decrease in procriminal attitudes following sports participation, while three subjects experienced no change. The common themes of engagement, interpersonal relationships and the identity of an athlete were identified as mechanisms behind this decrease. Furthermore, sports participation was found to play an important role in the context of Hirschi's social bond theory. Discussion: The findings of this paper are largely in accordance with previous research indicating sports participation as a preventative measure against delinquency. The identified mechanisms decreasing procriminal attitudes carried some similarities to the elements of the social bond theory. Moreover, the social bond theory can be used to explain why, in three subjects, no change in attitudes was evident. The findings overall implicate further research in this area in order to develop and improve sports initiatives for crime desistance in youth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 48
Keyword [en]
male, youth, adolescents, sports, deliquency, prosocial, procriminal, attitudes, impact, influence, social bond theory, qualitative, inductive, deductive, content analysis
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-31985DiVA, id: diva2:1154092
Subject / course
Criminology KR1
Educational program
Criminology Programme SKRIG 180 higher education credits
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Note

2017-09-26

Available from: 2017-11-01 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf