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Carbon Nanotube Matrix for Highly Sensitive Biosensors To Detect Pancreatic Cancer Biomarker CA19-9
Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil; Univ Bath, England.
Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil.
Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil.
Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil.
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2017 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 9, no 31, p. 25878-25886Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biosensors fabricated with nanomaterials promise faster, cheaper, and more efficient alternatives to traditional, often bulky devices for early cancer diagnosis. In this study, we fabricated a thin film sensing unit on interdigitated gold electrodes combining polyethyleneimine and carbon nanotubes in a layer by layer fashion, onto which antibodies anti-CA19-9 were adsorbed with a supporting layer of N-hydroxysuccini-mide and 1-ethyl-3 (3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide solution. By use of impedance spectroscopy, the pancreatic cancer biomarker CA19-9 was detected in a buffer with limit of detection of 0.35 U/mL. This high sensitivity allowed for distinction between samples of blood serum from patients with distinct probabilities to develop pancreatic cancer. The selectivity of the biosensor was confirmed in subsidiary experiments with HT-29 and SW-620 cell lines and possible interferents, e.g., p53 protein, ascorbic acid, and glucose, where significant changes in capacitance could only be measured with HT-29 that contained the CA19-9 biomarker. Chemisorption of CA19-9 molecules onto the layer of anti-CA19-9 antibodies was the mechanism responsible for sensing while electrostatic interactions drove the adsorption of carbon nanotubes, according to polarization modulated infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). The adsorption behavior was successfully described by the Langmuir-Freundlich isotherm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 31, p. 25878-25886
Keywords [en]
cancer, biomarkers, immunosensors, carbon nanotubes, impedance spectroscopy
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31867DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07384ISI: 000407540400025PubMedID: 28696659Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85027237112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-31867DiVA, id: diva2:1149800
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Volpati, Diogo

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