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Sense of Humor and General Life Satisfaction in Association with the Biological Effects of Resistance Training in People with Impaired Glucose Tolerance
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Nord University, Levanger, Norway.
NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
2017 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 870-882, article id 76436Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate associations between psychological and biological changes due to resistance training in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Subjects were randomized into maximal (MRT) versus endurance resistance training (ERT) groups. Intervention periods lasted four months. All subjects had blood work that suggested IGT at the initial screening. The ERT acted as a wait-list control group when the MRT performed their training. Baseline scores on general life satisfaction (LISAT) and sense of humor (SHQ-6: a positive coping resources) were obtained. Potential differences between groups (types of intervention and intervention versus control) were investigated by analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA). Correlations were calculated in each group to estimate the degree of covariance between biological and psychological changes from pre- to post-intervention by Pearson and Spearman coefficients. Sense of humor tended to be correlated with a positive reduction of insulin following MRT as well as with reduction in body fat following ERT. Differences across the intervention groups in changes from pre- to post-training in biological variables (glucose, insulin, muscle mass, and corrected percentage of fat) as well as psychological variables (general life satisfaction and sense of humor) were not significant, whereas differences in BMI and weight were significant. By investigating the intervention groups separately in comparison to the control group, the MRT revealed significant improvement by reduction in insulin, percentage of fat, BMI and weight. The ERT caused significant improvements for insulin and percentage of fat, while general life satisfaction had a significant negative development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2017. Vol. 9, no 5, p. 870-882, article id 76436
Keywords [en]
Life Satisfaction, Humor, Resistance Training, Body Composition, IGT
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31562DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.95062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-31562DiVA, id: diva2:1140558
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Hansen, Elisabeth

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