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A Scandinavian "Magna Charta"?: The Scandinavian Corps and the politics of memory in South Africa (1899–1927)
Göteborgs universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2301-7134
2016 (English)In: Historia, ISSN 2309-8392, no 2, 54-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how the Scandinavian Corps, which fought on the Boer side for a brief period during the South African war (1899-1902) and participated in the battle of Magersfontein on 11 December 1899, was remembered and commemorated in South Africa from 1899 to 1927. Initially, most of the Scandinavian people resident in South Africa were opposed to the corps, and the erection of a monument in its honour met with little interest among them. However, at the unveiling ceremony of the first monument the memory of the corps resonated with the post-war narrative of brotherhood and unity between Boer and Briton in South Africa. In the 1920s the memory of the corps was revived among Scandinavian people, particularly through the magazine Fram (Forward), and commemorative events were held on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the battle. A new monument was later erected and unveiled in 1927, and the same narrative of brotherhood and reconciliation dominated yet again. Through the memory of the corps, the Scandinavian population legitimised their place in the country and became dedicated South Africans. But as they became fully integrated into white South African society, the memory of the Scandinavian Corps appears to have faded.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Historical Association of South Africa , 2016. no 2, 54-78 p.
Keyword [en]
Scandinavian Corps;South Africa; brotherhood; commemoration; memory; monument; identity; race
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30390DOI: 10.17159/2309-8392/2016/v61n2a3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-30390DiVA: diva2:1078394
Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2017-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.scielo.org.za/pdf/hist/v61n2/03.pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf