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Incidence of suicide in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran
Tabriz university of medical sciences, Iran.
Tabriz university of medical sciences, Iran.
Tabriz university of medical sciences, Iran.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5221-9504
2016 (English)In: Social Determinants of Health, ISSN 2423-7337, Vol. 2, no 2, 61-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:Suicide is a major problem world-wide. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of suicide in East Azerbaijan province, Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted from 2010 to 2011. We analysed some characteristics of the cases of suicide based on the health system database. Variables such as demographics, outcomes (fatal/nonfatal), and methods used were recorded. Data were analysed using Chi-square as well as T-test.

Results: A total of 3,768 reported cases of suicide were analysed. More cases were reported by married than single people. The incidence rate of suicide was 101.3 per 100,000. Most of the attempted suicides occurred in younger people. Attempted suicide in women (63.7%) was higher than men (36.3%). The most frequent method of suicide in both sexes was drug overdose. There was a statistically significant relationship between suicide’s outcome and gender, job, marital status and education (p<0.001). The case fatality rate among males was significantly higher than females (OR=3.7, 95% CI: 2.5–5.8). Hanging (72.3%) and drug overdose (0.9%) had the highest and lowest case fatality rate, respectively. Drug overdose was slightly more frequent among women than men (91.3% versus 84.2%). The rate of poisoning increased gradually until the age-group 45-54 years. Drug overdose was more prevalent among single than married people.

Conclusions: Due to the high incidence of completed suicide, it is recommended to establish counselling centres for mental ill-health, especially a suicide hotline with appropriate availability to all population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 2, no 2, 61-69 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30334DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v2i2.14098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-30334DiVA: diva2:1077159
Available from: 2017-02-26 Created: 2017-02-26 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Soares, Joaquim J.F.
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • Other locale
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