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Colombias frihandelsavtal och dess ekonomiska effekter.: Studie av komparativa fördelar och Terms of Trade
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I denna studie kommer vi analysera vilken effekt Colombias handelsavtal fått på landets aggregerade sektorer och hur dessa förändrats. För att göra det räknar vi ut komparativa fördelar för 18 olika sektorer i landet. Perioden vi undersöker är 2002 t o m 2014. Vi använder oss av två mått för att fånga komparativa fördelar,“ The Export index of revealed comparativeadvantage (XRCA)” och “Net Export Index (NX)”. Vi analyserar vidare om Colombia tjänat på avtalen genom att kolla på landets Terms of Trade vilket anses vara det bästa måttet på vinster från liberaliserad handel mellan länder.Det är svårt att med den data som vi använt i studien dra några markanta slutsatser vad gäller komparativa fördelar, inte minst då det är olika andra faktorer som kan ha påverkat landets komparativa fördelar. Enligt XRCA-indexet har landet komparativa fördelar i bränsle och jordbruksrelaterade sektorer. Inom bränsle och gruvrelaterade sektorer har landet haft enpositiv trend sedan finanskrisen 2008. För jordbruksrelaterade sektorer vände en negativ trend vid 2013.Enligt NX-indexet har Colombia haft en negativ utveckling under 2010-talet. De sektorer som tidigare haft komparativa fördelar har försvagats. Kläder tappade landet 2012, troligen som en följd av handelsavtalet med Kanada. Enligt NX har landet dock börjat öka sina komparativa fördelar inom elektroniska komponenter efter avtalen. Resultaten ligger delvis i linje med de etablerade handelsteorierna och tidigare forskning. Resultatet vad gäller Colombias Terms of Trade är att det utvecklats negativt efter att avtalen implementerats i början av 2010-talet, men att priset på råolja som är landets största exportvara torde vara den största bidragande orsaken.

Abstract [en]

In this paper, we analyze the effects of FTA’s on Colombia's aggregated industries. To be more specific, we look at how the industries that Colombia have comparative advantage in has changed. To identify comparative advantage we use two instruments, “ The Export index of revealed comparative advantage (XRCA)” and “Net Export Index (NX)”. We also look at Terms of trade during this period to analyze whether Colombia has benefited from these FTA’s and liberal trade policies. The study also try to explain the results that has occurred after the implementation of these FTA’s.It is difficult with the data in this study to draw any obvious conclusions regarding the comparative advantage in Colombia. Several factors can have an effect on Colombia’s comparative advantage. According to XRCA-index, Colombia has comparative advantage in fuel and agricultural sector. The sector fuel and mining products has had a positive trend since the financial crisis of 2008. While the agricultural sector has had a negative trend since 2013. Colombia’s NX-index, in the different industries, has had a negative trend during 2010s. According to the NX-index, Colombia’s comparative advantage has diminished in the sector in which they previously held comparative advantage in. The clothing industry lost its comparative advantage in 2012, we believe it’s due to the free trade agreement with Canada. We have also identified an increase in electronic components after the trade agreements.The result of Colombia’s terms of trade has been declining after the trade agreements were implemented after 2010, but the price of oil, which is Colombia’s biggest export good, might have played a significant role of this decline.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 39 p.
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-30184DiVA: diva2:1074899
Subject / course
Economics NA1
Educational program
BSc Programme in Business and Economics SEKOG 180 higher education credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Betyg 170112.

Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-16 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • Other locale
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