Fear, but not fear-relevance, modulates reaction times in visual search with animal distractors
2009 (English)In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, ISSN 0887-6185, E-ISSN 1873-7897, Vol. 23, no 1, 136-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The research aimed at examining attentional selectivity in a visual search paradigm using pictures of animals that have provided a recurrent threat in an evolutionary perspective (i.e., snakes and spiders) and pictures of animals that have supposedly posed no such threat (i.e., cats and fish). Experiment 1 showed no advantage of fear-relevant stimuli over non-fear-relevant animal stimuli. However, an attentional capture seemed to emerge as a delay in the disengagement of attention, specifically when there was a massive presentation of fear-relevant stimuli in the array. The results from Experiment 2, where participants were selected based specifically on their fear of either snakes or spiders (but not both), showed a preferential processing of the congruent feared stimulus, when compared with non-fearful participants, which strengthens the notion that fear significance may be an important factor drawing attention to a particular spatial location.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 1, 136-144 p.
Visual search, Animal fear, Attentional capture
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29878DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.05.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29878DiVA: diva2:1065617