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North Fennoscandian mountain forests: History, composition, disturbance dynamics and the unpredictable future
University of Helsinki, Finland.
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway.
University of Helsinki, Finland.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
2017 (English)In: Forest Ecology and Management, ISSN 0378-1127, E-ISSN 1872-7042, Vol. 385, 140-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

North Fennoscandian mountain forests are distributed along the Scandes Mountains between Sweden and Norway, and the low-mountain regions of northern Norway, Sweden and Finland, and the adjacent northwestern Russia. Regionally, these forests are differentiated into spruce, pine or birch dominance due to climatic differences. Variation in tree species dominance within these regions is generally caused by a combination of historical and prevailing disturbance regimes, including both chronic and episodic disturbances, their magnitude and frequency, as well as differences in edaphic conditions and topography. Because of their remoteness, slow growth and restrictions of use, these mountain forests are generally less affected by human utilization than more productive and easily utilizable forests at lower elevations and/or latitudes. As a consequence, these northern forests of Europe are often referred to as “Europe's last wilderness”, even if human influence of varying intensity has been ubiquitous through historical time. Because of their naturalness, the North Fennoscandian mountain forests are of paramount importance for biodiversity conservation, monitoring of ecosystem change and for their sociocultural values. As such, they also provide unique reference areas for basic and applied research, and for developing methods of forest conservation, restoration and ecosystem-based management for the entire Fennoscandia. However, the current rapid change in climate is predicted to profoundly affect the ecology and dynamics of these forests in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 385, 140-149 p.
Keyword [en]
Biodiversity, Boreal forest, Climate change, Cultural heritage, Natural disturbance, Northern Europe
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29813DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.031ISI: 000392680800015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85002340233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29813DiVA: diva2:1061462
Available from: 2017-01-02 Created: 2017-01-02 Last updated: 2017-02-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf