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Capability to Paint and Alzheimer’s Disease: Relationship to Disease Stages and Instructions
Göteborgs Universitet.
Göteborgs Universitet.
2016 (English)In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although quite many qualitative studies on painting in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been conducted, there is a lack of quantitative studies, examining the ability to paint in people with AD in relation to disease stages, and to what extent instructions are associated with actual performance. The present study aimed at investigating the capability to paint among nonartist AD participants (N = 17) in an instructed painting condition versus a noninstructed painting condition. Differences in time spent and area of canvas used in the two painting conditions were assessed and related to scores on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Clock Test. Number of colors used and color preferences were also assessed. A within-subjects experimental design was used. Analyses revealed a statistically significant difference between time and area used in the two painting conditions, where both time and area were used more in the noninstructed condition. MMSE scores and scores on the Clock Test correlated significantly with time spent in both conditions. Higher scores predicted longer painting sessions. Mean number of colors used was 5. Color preferences were bright colors in general and green in particular. Possible artistic development was noted. The overall conclusion is that people with AD have a preserved capability to paint, with and without instructions, even those in the later stages of the disease. The results also indicate that an artistic development is possible and that painting can be used as an appreciated and beneficial activity for people with AD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Alzheimer’s disease, art, painting, visuospatial, cognition, MMSE, instructions
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29764DOI: 10.1177/2158244016631799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29764DiVA: diva2:1059392
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-06-30

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Miller, Emelie
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf