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Exposure as an Intervention to Address Human Fear of Bears
Environmental Psychology, Department of Architecture and the Built Environment, Lund University, Lund.
Department of Ecology and Natural Resources Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9554-4478
2016 (English)In: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, ISSN 1087-1209, E-ISSN 1533-158X, Vol. 21, no 4, 311-327 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: People who live in brown bear areas often fear encounters with these animals. This article evaluated the potential effect of exposure to bears and their habitats on human fear of brown bears using the modeling of appropriate behavior when close to bears. In a within-subject design, 25 persons who reported to be fearful of brown bears participated in a guided walk approaching approximately 50 m of a brown bear in its daybed and in a guided forest walk in bear habitat. The presentation order was reversed for half of the group. The participants reported significantly reduced feelings of fear after the bear walk, but not after the forest walk. There were no corresponding significant effects for the experimental measures of fear-related responses. The results partially support the notion that exposure to the object of fear, such as a bear habitat with presence of a bear, might be a feasible intervention to reduce peoples’ feeling of fear, but the design of the intervention must be developed further before it can be used in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 21, no 4, 311-327 p.
Keyword [en]
Brown bear, exposure, fear, intervention, multidisciplinary
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29604DOI: 10.1080/10871209.2016.1152419ISI: 000379553900004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84961213634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29604DiVA: diva2:1056900
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2017-04-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf