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Regional Dynamism between Social and Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study based on Swedish data
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1122-1138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to study the interaction between social and commercial ventures in a region. It achieves this objective through investigating the influence of social ventures' entry, exit and density on the entry rate of commercial ventures.

Design/methodology/approach - Organizational ecology is applied for theoretical analysis and the feasible generalized least square method for empirical analysis.

Findings - The study, in overall, finds a diffuse competition between the populations of social and commercial ventures. The results have revealed a negative influence of social ventures' entry and density on the entry rate of commercial ventures and a positive influence of the social ventures' exit on commercial ventures' entry rate in a region.

Originality/value - The study is one of the few in its filed that empirically studies the interaction between social and commercial ventures and the first study, which investigates it in the context of Sweden. The previous two studies, however, have only examined either the influence of social ventures entry or social venture density on the entry rate of commercial ventures. This study, however, examines the influence of both of those factors plus the influence of social venture exit on commercial venture entry. The study is also unique regarding the large-scale database it uses including all the 290 municipalities all over Sweden 1990-2014.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1122-1138
Keyword [en]
Sweden, Social entrepreneurship, Organizational ecology, Commercial entrepreneurship, Firm entry rate, Regional dynamism
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29279DOI: 10.1108/IJSE-11-2015-0293ISI: 000407794600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85027459385OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29279DiVA: diva2:1046215
Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social Entrepreneurship and Influence on Regional Firm Demography
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Entrepreneurship and Influence on Regional Firm Demography
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The central interest of this thesis is the emergence of social  ventures. In this regard, it investigates two types of questions: what regional factors influence the emergence of social  ventures? and what  types of interaction may emerge between the emergence of social  ventures and the demography (entry,  exit  and migration) of commercial ventures in a region? The thesis also aims to adopt a macro-oriented approach to studying the research questions.

To  answer  those  questions, this  thesis  applies  both  theoretical  and empirical  analysis.  For the theoretical analysis, instead of a single theory it applies three middle-range theories: theory of organisational ecology, market failure theory, and the demand and supply theory of  entrepreneurship. The empirical analysis is based on two large-scale databases from  Sweden  and  the U.S. The Swedish database includes nonprofit social ventures and commercial ventures for the 1990-2014 period from all of the 290 municipalities across Sweden, while the database from U.S. includes 88 counties in the State of Ohio between 2003-2007.

The answers to the research questions are presented in the form of six papers. Paper 1 provides an overall picture of the different possible functions of social ventures within communities and  their contributions to regional development. With this overall view, Papers 2 and 3 answer the  first  research question, that is the factors influencing the emergence of social ventures. Thus, while  Paper 2 provides a review of previous research, Paper 3 empirically examines some of  the  regional factors that may influence the emergence of social ventures in a region. The  results of Paper 3 revealed that factors such as gender, education, entrepreneurial role models, wealth, unemployment rate, age, and urbanisation positively influence the emergence rate of the of social venture in a region.

Papers 4, 5 and 6 are dedicated to answering the second type of research question, in other  words the interaction between the emergence of  social ventures and the demography (entry, exit and migration) of commercial ventures. As such, Paper 4 studies how the emergence of social ventures is influenced by the entry and exit of commercial ventures, Paper 5 investigates how the emergence of social ventures influences the entry of commercial ixventures, and Paper 6 examines how the emergence of social ventures influences the migration of commercial  ventures. In summary, the results of these three papers reveal that while the emergence of social ventures negatively influences the commercial ventures inside a region, it has a positive  influence on the commercial ventures outside the region. Paper 6 further investigates the influence of the emergence of commercial ventures on the migration of commercial ventures.  The results show that while the emergence of social ventures attracts commercial ventures from outside into a region, the emergence of commercial ventures repels them from moving into the region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2017. p. 94
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 265
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30682 (URN)978-91-88527-19-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-31, L 111, Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 3 accepterat, delarbete 5 accepterat, delarbete 6 manuskript.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 3 accepted, paper 5 accepted, paper 6 manuscript.

Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-04-29 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Kachlami, Habib M.

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Citation style
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