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Exploring the importance of categories in contemporary conservation debates: the case of a proposed national park in the Swedish mountain region.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography. (ETOUR)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8682-0442
2015 (English)In: Nordic environmental social science conference 2015: Contested natures - new strategies, ideas and dialogues?, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Alongside ‘wilderness’ the category ‘national park’ is one of the most powerful within nature conservation, and it in turn rests on a historical legacy of numerous and varied categories. Recent critique against conventional approaches to conservation has resulted in a shift towards more public participation and the inclusion of local development – at least in policy rhetoric. However, our research on a proposed new national park in the Swedish mountains (Jämtland County) shows how difficult it is to change rooted understandings of existing categories, such as ‘national park’.

 

The proposed park is perceived differently by different stakeholders, there exists tension and mistrust between them, and the park is contested for several reasons. Here categories and categorisation are important. Categories create paradoxes that may lead to tension and conflict, and they often act to block change in thinking and practice. These effects can occur when a piece of land belongs to different categories, when a category remains static while the local context changes, when the material and immaterial ‘components inherent in landscapes are categorised differently by different users, and when they use the same category it may be attributed different values. A lack of awareness of this impedes novel solutions and potential trade-offs. This is equally relevant at the interface of science and policy, science and public, policy and public – and at the interface of these and the landscape. A critical analysis of how categories are formed, by whom, and their effects, are important for understanding and moving beyond conflicts in conservation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29225Local ID: ETOUROAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29225DiVA: diva2:1045113
Conference
Nordic environmental social science conference, NESS, Trondheim, Norway, 9-11th of June, 2015
Projects
Bortom konflikter
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Available from: 2016-11-08 Created: 2016-11-08 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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