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Liquid Exfoliation of Layered Materials in Water for Inkjet Printing
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2873-7875
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för elektronikkonstruktion.
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för naturvetenskap.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, ISSN 1062-3701, E-ISSN 1943-3522, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 1-7, artikkel-id 040405Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

MoS2 is a layered material which is abundant and non-toxic and has been increasingly studied during the last few years as a semiconducting alternative to graphene. While most studies have been performed on single MoS2 nanosheets, for example to demonstrate high-performance electronic transistors, more work is needed to explore the use of MoS2 in printed electronics. The importance of using MoS2 as a printed electronic material could be understood by considering the several orders higher electron mobility in MoS2, even in several nanometer thick layers, compared to the organic and other materials used today. In the few studies performed so far on printing MoS2, the developed dispersions used mainly organic solvents that might be detrimental for the environment. Here, we show an environmentally friendly liquid-based exfoliation method in water where the solution was stabilized by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) surfactant. The dispersions consisted of very thin MoS2 nanosheets with average lateral size of about 150 nm, surface tension of 28 mN m(-1), and a shelf life of a year. Although both the concentration and viscosity was less than optimal, we were able to inkjet print the MoS2 solution on paper and on PET films, using multiple printing passes. By tuning the concentration/viscosity, this approach might lead to an environmentally friendly MoS2 ink suitable for printed electronics.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 1-7, artikkel-id 040405
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28750DOI: 10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2016.60.4.040405ISI: 000381636200006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85016315340Lokal ID: STCOAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-28750DiVA, id: diva2:968124
Konferanse
Printing for Fabrication 2016 (JIST First Paper)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-12 Laget: 2016-09-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-23bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Liquid Exfoliation of Molybdenum Disulfide for Inkjet Printing
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Liquid Exfoliation of Molybdenum Disulfide for Inkjet Printing
2016 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Since the discovery of graphene, substantial effort has been put toward the synthesis and production of 2D materials. Developing scalable methods for the production of high-quality exfoliated nanosheets has proved a significant challenge. To date, the most promising scalable method for achieving these materials is through the liquid-based exfoliation (LBE) of nanosheetsin solvents. Thin films of nanosheets in dispersion can be modified with additives to produce 2D inks for printed electronics using inkjet printing. This is the most promising method for the deposition of such materials onto any substrate on an industrial production level. Although well-developed metallic and organic printed electronic inks exist on the market, there is still a need to improve or develop new inks based on semiconductor materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) that are stable, have good jetting conditions and deliver good printing quality.The inertness and mechanical properties of layered materials such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) make them ideally suited for printed electronics and solution processing. In addition,the high electron mobility of the layered semiconductors, make them a candidate to become a high-performance semiconductor material in printed electronics. Together, these features make MoS2 a simple and robust material with good semiconducting properties that is also suitable for solution coating and printing. It is also environmentally safe.The method described in this thesis could be easily employed to exfoliate many types of 2D materials in liquids. It consists of two exfoliation steps, one based on mechanical exfoliation of the bulk powder utilizing sand paper, and the other inthe liquid dispersion, using probe sonication to liquid-exfoliate the nanosheets. The dispersions, which were prepared in surfactant solution, were decanted, and the supernatant was collected and used for printing tests performed with a Dimatix inkjetprinter. The printing test shows that it is possible to use the MoS2 dispersion as a printed electronics inkjet ink and that optimization for specific printer and substrate combinations should be performed. There should also be advances in ink development, which would improve the drop formation and break-off at the inkjet printing nozzles, the ink jetting and, consequently, the printing quality.

Abstract [sv]

Sedan upptäckten av grafen har mycket arbete lagts på framställning och produktion av 2D-material. En viktig uppgift har varit att ta fram skalbara metoder för produktion av högkvalitativa  nanosheets via exfoliering. Den mest lovande skalbarametoden hittills har varit vätskebaserad exfoliering av nanosheets i lösningsmedel. Tunna filmer av nanosheets i dispersion kan anpassas med hjälp av tillsatser och användas för tillverkning av halvledare strukturer med inkjet-skrivare, vilket är den mest lovande metoden för på en industriell produktions nivå beläggaden typen av material på substrat. Även om det finns välutvecklade metalliska och organiskabläck för tryckt elektronik, så finns det fortfarande ett behov av att förbättra eller utveckla nya bläck baserade på halvledarmaterial som t.ex. TMD, som är stabila, har goda bestryknings  egenskaper och ger bra tryckkvalitet. Den inerta naturen tillsammans med de mekaniska egenskaperna som finns hosskiktade material, som t.ex. molybdendisulfid (MoS2), gör demlämpliga för flexibel elektronik och bearbetning i lösning. Dessutom gör den höga elektronmobiliteten i dessa 2D-halvledaredem till en stark kandidat som halvledarmaterial inom trycktelektronik. Det betyder att MoS2 är ett enkelt och robust material med goda halvledaregenskaper som är lämpligt för bestrykning från lösning och tryck, och är miljömässigt säker.Den metod som beskrivs här kan med fördel användas föratt exfoliera alla typer av 2D-material i lösning. Exfolieringensker i två steg; först mekanisk exfoliering av torr bulk med sandpapper, därefter används ultraljudsbehandling i lösning för att exfoliera nanosheets. De dispersioner som framställts i lösning med surfaktanter dekanterades och det övre skiktetanvändes i trycktester med en Dimatix inkjet-skrivare.Tryckprovet visar att det är möjligt att använda MoS2 -dispersion som ett inkjet-bläck och att optimering för särskildaskrivar- och substratkombinationer borde göras, såsom förbättringav bläcksammansättningen med avseende på droppbildning och break-off vid skrivarmunstycket, vilket i sin tur skulleförbättra tryckkvaliteten.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2016. s. 85
Serie
Mid Sweden University licentiate thesis, ISSN 1652-8948 ; 123
Emneord
MoS2, Exfoliation, Inkjet Printing, 2D materials, Environmental Friendly, TMD, thin films, industrial printing, 2D inks, printed electronics, thin films carrier mobility, large-area electronics, graphene analogues, solar cells
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29181 (URN)978-91-88025-71-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
2016-09-09, O111, Holmgatan 10, Sundsvall, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
KM2Paper Solar Cells
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy AgencyKnowledge Foundation
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-02 Laget: 2016-11-02 Sist oppdatert: 2016-11-02bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Liquid-Phase Exfoliation of Two-Dimensional Materials: Applications, deposition methods and printed electronics on paper
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Liquid-Phase Exfoliation of Two-Dimensional Materials: Applications, deposition methods and printed electronics on paper
2019 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

After the unprecedented success of graphene research, other materials that can also be exfoliated into thin layers, like Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), have also become the subjects of extensive studies. As one of the most promising methods for large scale production of such materials, liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) has also been the subject of extensive research and is maturing as a field to the point that devices using additive manufacturing and printed nanosheets are often reported. The stability of the nanosheets in environmentally friendly solvents, particularly in water, with or without stabilizers, is still a focus of great interest for sustainable and commercial production. In this thesis, different methods of LPE in water with and without stabilizers are investigated and discussed. Stabilizers such as surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and modified cellulose2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC), were employed. Because waterdoes not have surface energy parameters that match those of2D materials, the dispersions in water do not usually have a high yield. Therefore, to circumvent the use of organic solvents that are known to be able to successfully exfoliate and stabilize nanosheets of two-dimensional materials, this thesis focuses on water as the solution-process medium for exfoliation and the assisting stabilizers used to keep the exfoliated nanomaterials in dispersion with a long half-time. Surfactant-assisted dispersions are discussed together with test-printing resultsusing inkjet to deposit the material. Process parameters for the LPE method using HEC as a stabilizer are presented together with thin nanosheets characterized by Raman spectroscopy. Dispersions using HEC presented the longest half-time among the studied methods, higher than previously reported values for methods using mixed low-boiling-point solvents. Devices using exfoliated nanosheets have been fabricated and presented in the present study. The photoconductivity of MoS2 using a device fabricated with LPE MoS2 nanosheets and the cathodoluminescence of LPE MoS2 are discussed. Although fabricated with mechanically exfoliated nanosheets and not LPE ones, another photodetector fabricated with one of the MoS2 grades used in this thesis is presented to highlight the excellent photoresponse of this material. A method of producing thin nanosheets with-out stabilizers by pre-processing the MoS2 grades withs and papers is introduced. With this method, nanosheets with a lateral size of around 200nm and a concentration around 0.14 g L−1 - that is half the concentration at the same processing conditions in solvent n-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) - are discussed. Inkjet printing as a deposition method is discussed together with the requirements for the 2D inks. Printed organic electronics using the conductive polymer PEDOT:PSS are compared to those using commercially-available graphene ink, with a focus on printing on paper substrates. In order to bring the thesis into perspective from materials to device fabrication, I study the suitability of inkjet paper substrates for printed electronics, by extensively characterizing the chemical and physical properties of their ink-receiving layers (IRLs) and their impact on the electronic properties of the conductive printed lines.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019. s. 125
Serie
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 305
Emneord
molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), thin films, inkjet printing, 2D inks, liquid-phase exfoliation, shear exfoliation, printed electronics, organic electronics, PEDOT:PSS, photoresponse, photocurrent, cathodoluminescence
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37287 (URN)978-91-88947-19-2 (ISBN)
Disputas
2019-10-18, O102, Sundsvall, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbete opublicerat: delarbete 3 (inskickat).

At the time of the doctoral defence the following paper was unpublished: paper 3 (submitted).

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-23 Laget: 2019-09-23 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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