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Divergencias en el entendimiento del concepto de democracia en la historiografía española
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8527-274X
2015 (Spanish)In: Milli mála. Journal of Language and Culture, ISSN 2298-7215, Vol. 7, p. 247-265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Differences in the understanding of the concept of democracy in Spanish historiography.

The Constitution of 1931 introduced a political system based on free elections, universal suffrage and a series of Declarations in line with a general, European vision of democracy at that time. This democratic system became known as the Second Republic, or the Republic. It ended when Franco established his dictatorial regimen following his coup d’état and a civil war. After Franco’s death Spain built up a democratic state. Contemporary democracy has been interpreted from the years of the Republic and throughout the 20th century within the frameworks of a diversity of attitudes, aspirations, apprehensions and circumstances that have developed in Spanish society.

Understandings of a concept such as democracy depend on factors that include socio-political language as well as financial, cultural and other circumstances at any given time. Hence, interpretations of democracy have differed considerably in present and past times. However, present-day historical literature, be it history books or historical novels, do not seem to pay much attention to this fact. On the contrary, it appears to treat the concept of democracy according to the habitus (Bourdieu) of each writer. In doing so, the complexity of history is to some extent simplified.

With the help of examples extracted from texts that deal with Spain’s contemporary history, I attempt to show how the concept of democracy gradually developed in Spain during the 20th century. Keeping in mind the differences between ideological groups and movements, I also discuss some historiographical aspects that have been put forth by experts in the area. My main focus is on historiography, i.e., the past as it is recounted and explained to youngsters at school at a given point in time[1]

Keywords: democracy, understandings, historiographic perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reykjavík, 2015. Vol. 7, p. 247-265
Keywords [es]
democracia, interpretaciones, perspectivas historiográficas.
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26722OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26722DiVA, id: diva2:886048
Available from: 2015-12-21 Created: 2015-12-21 Last updated: 2017-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Lindström Leo, Ingrid

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