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The determinant of external financing at the start-up stage: Empirical evidences from Swedish data
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden .
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 124-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Small firms in general have limited access to funding, which is a major problem for entrepreneurs. In particular, this problem is evident for women and ethnic minority groups. The purpose of the study is to examine empirically the impact of gender, ethnicity and other relevant variables on the access to external financing of new small firms. A sample of 2,764 female- And male-owned small businesses, based on a unique and large database gathered through interviews, was investigated employing binary logistic regression models. The results suggest that both gender and ethnicity are significant explanatory variables influencing the access to external capital at the start-up stage. Entrepreneurs' age, experience of starting businesses and education, as well as additional jobs beside their own business, are other variables that influence the way in which entrepreneurs finance their business. Moreover, firm characteristics in terms of personal start-up capital, firm size and legal form have an impact on financing behaviour at start-up. Since the knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of the variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Switzerland: InderScience Publishers, 2014. Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 124-141
Nyckelord [en]
Gender, ethnicity, small business finance, informal capital, start-up capital
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17359DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2014.058042Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84889643425Lokalt ID: ETOUROAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17359DiVA, id: diva2:570094
Tillgänglig från: 2012-11-16 Skapad: 2012-11-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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