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Information technology and learning strategies in small enterprises
Lulea University of Technology.
Lulea University of Technology.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5935-5688
2000 (Engelska)Ingår i: Behavior and Information Technology, ISSN 0144-929X, E-ISSN 1362-3001, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 221-227Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to define and explain information technology strategic dispositions and competence development within small enterprises. Small enterprises are a heterogeneous group of firms and for that reason, a universal explanation of strategic dispositions and learning strategies makes it advisable to draw upon a diverse range of methods, practices and approaches. 'Competence ergonomics' that fosters learning, empowerment and participation offers the flexibility within which to frame this strategy description. Introduction of information technology into small enterprises is treated as being of strategic importance to the future growth and survival of a firm. Methods and theories now being used in The Swedish National Institute of Working Life's (Arbetslivsinstitutet) Balanced Information Technology Project are those described. The Project is located in the area of Ostersund, Sweden where small industries have the need to adopt information technology as a means of promoting continuing competitiveness.

 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2000. Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 221-227
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-9971ISI: 000088043300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-9971DiVA, id: diva2:241968
Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-06 Skapad: 2009-10-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Health and Performance in Small Enterprises: Studies of Organizational Detminants and Change Strategy
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Health and Performance in Small Enterprises: Studies of Organizational Detminants and Change Strategy
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis focuses on relations between work organizational factors and outcomes related to health and performance, and how these factors and outcomes are related to change strategies in small enterprises. Reasons for this work are the growing interest in entrepreneurship, small business development, statements to the effect that small enterprises lack adequate resources and competence needed for successful management of workplace change processes and fragmented small business research about mentioned relations. The thesis comprises four empirical studies with a total sample of 118 small enterprises and 50 small public workplaces that include a total of 1206 co-workers and leaders, and one more theoretically based study. Data was collected by the use of questionnaires, structured interviews and by register sources about economical outputs. Correlation analyses presented in Paper II showed strong or rather strong relationships between the outcome indicators related to health and performance. The relations between these outcomes and indicators of assumed determinant organizational factors resulted in a rather large number of relationships (Paper I, II and V). A general result is that there are more strong relationships between determinants and performance than between determinants and health. However, there are strong relations between, on the one hand, leadership indicators and team spirit and, on the other hand, health. Structural analyses in two studies presented in Paper I and II resulted in the identification of six components. Thus, it was possible to group indicators into larger “bundles” which have similarities to some results for larger enterprises. In one study (Paper II), analyses using multidimensional scaling resulted in a grouping of enterprises with high positions versus enterprises with low positions on two main dimensions. Results in one study (Paper IV) showed that studied micro-enterprises attached less priority to goals related to workplace health and work organization compared to the studied public workplaces. The micro- enterprises attached more priority to goals connected with the physical working environment, production and quality development. In another study (Paper V) different change strategy approaches were studied with a longitudinal design. The results concerning changes of determinants and outcomes, after versus before workplace related interventions indicates that change processes with a broad learning strategy and high top management involvement can apply to small enterprises, and help to improve their health and performance. This is partly in line with the discussion in Paper III about the need of integrated planning and participative approaches in workplace change processes. The thesis findings point at the importance of organizational factors and health related aspects for small business development.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2006
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå Tekniska Universitet, ISSN 1402-1544 ; 2006:13
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-9974 (URN)http://epubl.luth.se/1402-1544/2006/13/index.html (DOI)
Disputation
(Engelska)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-06 Skapad: 2009-10-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-10-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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