Mid Sweden University

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The Prevention of Lethal School Violence: A Literature Study
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. (RCR)
2024 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This literature study aims at providing an overview of the literature regarding the prevention of lethal school violence. Since the paper aims at providing knowledge that can be used by e.g., institutions and schools in Sweden, there are two case studies from the Nordics included the study: Trollhättan attack and the Jokela shooting. This paper reviews literature from 2013 and forward and only includes literature from the United States and Europe. Most research within the field has been conducted within an American context and literature about Swedish or Nordic cases are rare. Further, many articles focus on the aftermath instead of the prevention and most articles are qualitative rather than quantitative. The conclusions one can draw from this literature study are that zero-tolerance approaches to prevention seldom works and school attackers often feel lonely and therefore seek communities where they risk becoming radicalised, especially online communities. The perpetrators often deal with mental health issues and/or come from a “broken home”. Further, there is a discrepancy between different research fields and institutions that deal with the issue of lethal school violence when it comes to definitions and approaches to prevention. Thereis also a lack of coordination between actors, complicating the prevention and mitigation of lethal school violence. School staff also seldom know when or to whom they should report warnings about lethal school violence due to a lack of organisational coordination and lack of knowledge regarding the prevention. The many gaps provide many opportunities for future research. Some suggestions include focusing on the Nordic countries or prevention specifically but also to conduct more quantitative studies and explore the different definitions of lethal school violence.

Abstract [sv]

Den här litteraturstudien ämnar ge en översikt av vad litteraturen säger om förebyggandet av pågående dödligt våld (PDV) i skolmiljö. Då projektet studien är skriven inom fokuserar på Sverige har det inkluderats två fall av PDV händelser i Norden: skolskjutningen i Jokela och skolattacken i Trollhättan. Majoriteten av litteraturen kommer från USA och Europa, med en övervikt på USA, vilket också är de områden som inkluderats i studien. Endast litteratur från 2013 och framåt är inkluderad. De flesta studier inom området är kvalitativa,delvis pga brist på jämförelsebara fall. Det verkar finnas en konsensus inom akademien att det är bättre med en så kallad trust-based approach än en zero tolerance approach för att förebygga PDV i skolmiljö. Gärningspersonerna lider ofta av någon form av psykisk ohälsa och/eller kommer från en dysfunktionell hemmiljö. Ensamhet är vanlig fastän de flesta gärningspersoner har kontakt med andra personer som inte sällan bidrar till en radikalisering av gärningspersonen. När det kommer till samordningen av förebyggande arbete behöver mycket göras, t.ex. vet personal vet sällan vem de ska vända sig till eller hur de ska uppfatta varningssignaler, vilket dessutom är något som det behövs mer forskning på. Andra möjliga framtida forskningsmöjligheter är att genomföra kvantitativa studier samt fokusera på Norden. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2024. , p. 51
Series
RCR Working Paper Series ; 2024:1
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-50465ISBN: 978-91-89786-56-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-50465DiVA, id: diva2:1835744
Available from: 2024-02-07 Created: 2024-02-07 Last updated: 2024-02-07

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Lindquist, Lovis

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1213141516171815 of 20
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