Mid Sweden University

miun.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Access to Nature through Tourism: A Study of Four Perspectives on Inclusive Nature-based Tourism
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8243-9046
2021 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Nature experiences and participation in nature-based activities are increasingly recognised as beneficial to public and individual health, yet in most societies, the ability for people to take advantage of opportunities to acquire these benefits is unequal. Social constructs such as gender and disability, as well as levels of income and education, influence to what extent individuals can engage with nature, and there is growing concern over the increased disconnectedness from nature in urbanised societies. Nature-based tourism and outdoor recreation is argued to have an important role to play in rekindling this relationship between humans and the natural environment. Based on this, there is a real need to examine people’s access to nature through nature-based tourism. 

This thesis studies access to nature through the four perspectives of infrastructure, conflicts of interests, exclusion and collaboration, in order to broaden the scope of how nature-based tourism can support equal opportunities to nature experiences. The included papers employ mixed-methods research from three case study areas in Sweden, with a particular focus on the southern Jämtland mountains. The four perspectives that constitute the framework of this thesis are expressed in each of the papers. Paper I reviews research on infrastructure for touristic purposes, and lays the foundation for paper II, where I examine the role of recreational trails in handling issues of collaboration and conflicts of interests in a mountain area affected by land-use conflicts. Paper III investigates exclusion from outdoor recreation activities from a gender perspective, and paper IV researches how accessible infrastructure, intended for people with disabilities to access protected areas, can give rise to conflicts between the competing interests of nature conservation and accessibility. Together, the findings in these papers suggest that although equal access to nature is desirable, there is a need to problematize the many layers of the concept. Improved access for one group can reduce access for another, and facilitated access to natural areas can cause problems of crowding and environmental degradation. This paradox requires further highlighting. Moreover, I argue that the call for a reconnection with nature to foster environmental responsibility, and to counteract declining public health in societies is exclusive, as constructs of gender and disability give unequal prerequisites to nature engagement. Despite this, access to nature is a democratic right, so although there is a need to recognise the complexity of access, I advocate for collaborative efforts to enhance access to nature for marginalised groups, and to consider aspects of access in land-use conflict management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2021. , p. 118
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 359
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-43924ISBN: 978-91-89341-39-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-43924DiVA, id: diva2:1617912
Public defence
2022-01-14, O213, Kunskapens väg 8, Östersund, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbete opublicerat: delarbete 4 inskickat.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following paper was unpublished: paper 4 submitted.

Available from: 2021-12-08 Created: 2021-12-08 Last updated: 2021-12-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review
2017 (English)In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, E-ISSN 1849-1545, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 488-508Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Trails are important elements in the natural and cultural landscape, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great significance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. By conducting a systematic quantitative literature review, this paper report on the status of international trail research and analyzes some of the key content with focus on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation in non-urban settings. For this purpose, we reviewed 195 research papers published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Results show that research on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation is primarily from English-speaking Western countries. The most studied trail-based activity is hiking, but there has been an increase in the number of studies researching multiple activities. Results also show that international trail research to a large extent is based on the natural sciences, and focus on environmental and managerial aspects of trail use. This review identifies gaps in trail research, especially in a socio-cultural context on topics such as heritage and public health. Research on conflicts between different recreational trail-based activities is also relatively scarce, as well as studies concerning conflicts between trail-based recreation interests and other land-use interests. We also identify a need for an exploration of the trail concept, as research has not yet articulated a clear definition of what a trail is. The paper also includes analyses of changes in trail-related research over time.

Keywords
recreational trails, tourism, outdoor recreation, literature review, trail research over time
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32676 (URN)000419189800008 ()2-s2.0-85040866997 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Negotiating Pathways to Multi-functional Landscapes
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2022-03-21Bibliographically approved
2. Negotiating improved multifunctional landscape use: trails as facilitators for collaboration among stakeholders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negotiating improved multifunctional landscape use: trails as facilitators for collaboration among stakeholders
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 13, article id 3511Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Trails are significant features in landscapes, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great importance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. Nevertheless, international research on recreational trails has hitherto mainly focused on managerial and environmental aspects of trails and less on trails from a social science perspective, such as conflict management. This study explores the role of recreational trails as a potential tool for managing conflicts in a multifunctional landscape. The findings originate from a case study of the southern Jamtland mountain region in Sweden, an area where land-use conflicts exist and where tourism is a major concern. The study examines the recreational trail as an applied example where actors in the mountain landscape negotiate and collaborate. through the recreational trail, dialogue and discussions are made possible among stakeholders. Findings show that trails can function as facilitators for communication and can thus enhance the possibilities of building trust and promoting collaboration between actors. This research contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach, where the recreational trail becomes a facilitator for communication.

Keywords
trails, tourism, conflict management, collaboration, communication, mountain landscape
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34929 (URN)10.3390/su11133511 (DOI)000477051900016 ()2-s2.0-85068738899 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-07 Created: 2018-12-07 Last updated: 2022-02-10Bibliographically approved
3. (In) equality in the outdoors: gender perspective on recreation and tourism media in the Swedish mountains
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(In) equality in the outdoors: gender perspective on recreation and tourism media in the Swedish mountains
2020 (English)In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 233-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines gender differences in participation in various outdoor recreation and tourism activities in the Swedish mountain region, and how these activities are portrayed from a gender perspective on the websites of five major tourist destinations. Spending time in nature has been linked to better health and well-being, and this article contributes to research on the unequal opportunities women and men have in taking part of such advantages. Results show that there is a gender difference in both participation and in representation of outdoor recreation. The observed gender difference is not only in line with the traditional heteronormativity but also suggests that new trends in outdoor recreation are further favoring traditionally masculine modes of engagement with nature. This suggests the need for re-thinking not only gender norms but also human relationships with nature in general.

Keywords
Outdoor recreation participation, gender norms, tourism media, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34143 (URN)10.1080/13683500.2018.1495698 (DOI)000505124700008 ()2-s2.0-85049568483 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2021-12-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1931 kB)2382 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1931 kBChecksum SHA-512
7c01a8e2cb84ec2bf50a58be9c4f3762c00fdf5174e40593d1feda0469a6dc4cc8a74ae6414e44f8eb8539306a4bff04983f94d5ebcd14fccab531364ffd8f7b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records

Godtman Kling, Kristin

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Godtman Kling, Kristin
By organisation
Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism
Other Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2382 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 2609 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf