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Beneficial land use change: Strategic expansion of new biomass plantations can reduce environmental impacts from EU agriculture
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
Lund University.
Chalmers University of Technology.
European Commission. Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
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2020 (English)In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 60, article id 101990Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
Hållbar utveckling
Abstract [en]

Society faces the double challenge of increasing biomass production to meet the future demands for food, materials and bioenergy, while addressing negative impacts of current (and future) land use. In the discourse, land use change (LUC) has often been considered as negative, referring to impacts of deforestation and expansion of biomass plantations. However, strategic establishment of suitable perennial production systems in agricultural landscapes can mitigate environmental impacts of current crop production, while providing biomass for the bioeconomy. Here, we explore the potential for such “beneficial LUC” in EU28. First, we map and quantify the degree of accumulated soil organic carbon losses, soil loss by wind and water erosion, nitrogen emissions to water, and recurring floods, in ∼81.000 individual landscapes in EU28. We then estimate the effectiveness in mitigating these impacts through establishment of perennial plants, in each landscape. The results indicate that there is a substantial potential for effective impact mitigation. Depending on criteria selection, 10–46% of the land used for annual crop production in EU28 is located in landscapes that could be considered priority areas for beneficial LUC. These areas are scattered all over Europe, but there are notable “hot-spots” where priority areas are concentrated, e.g., large parts of Denmark, western UK, The Po valley in Italy, and the Danube basin. While some policy developments support beneficial LUC, implementation could benefit from attempts to realize synergies between different Sustainable Development Goals, e.g., “Zero hunger”, “Clean water and sanitation”, “Affordable and Clean Energy”, “Climate Action”, and “Life on Land”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 60, article id 101990
Keywords [en]
Bioenergy, Perennial crops, Multifunctional production systems, Land use, Biomass, environmental impacts, agriculture
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use Renewable Bioenergy Research Soil Science Agricultural Science Environmental Sciences Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38179DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.101990Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85075711014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38179DiVA, id: diva2:1383478
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, P48364-1Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Englund, Oskar

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Global Environmental Change
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-useRenewable Bioenergy ResearchSoil ScienceAgricultural ScienceEnvironmental SciencesGeosciences, Multidisciplinary

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