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Financial fair play och konkurrensbalansen i Europas fem största ligor
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I september 2009 godkände UEFA ett nytt regelverk kallat Financial Fair Play. Några av målen med regelverket var att minska trycket på fotbollsklubbarnas lönekostnader och att få fotbollsklubbarna att ta rationella finansiella beslut. Ett par exempel på varför regelverket infördes var att många fotbollsklubbar hade ekonomiska problem och för att förbättra konkurrensbalansen inom sporten.Syftet med undersökningen är att analysera konkurrensbalansens utveckling i samband med införandet av Financial Fair Play i Europas fem största fotbollsligor. Undersökningen analyserar även sambandet mellan finansiell prestation och sportslig framgång i dessa fotbollsligor.Referensramen består av tidigare forskning om konkurrensbalansen och sambandet mellan finansiell prestation och sportslig framgång. Teorierna som används är ny institutionell teori och resource-based teori. För att analysera insamlad data används olika statistiska metoder.Konkurrensbalansen visar minskande indexvärden efter införandet av Financial Fair Play, men konkurrensbalansen mellan de ledande fem lagen och resterande lag visar ökade indexvärden. Undersökningen kom även fram till att det finns ett positivt samband mellan poäng per match och earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), samt poäng per match och personalkostnader.

Abstract [en]

In September 2009, UEFA approved a new regulatory framework called Financial Fair Play. Some of the goals of the regulations were to reduce the pressure on football clubs' payroll costs and to make football clubs make rational financial decisions. A few of the reasons for the introduction of Financial Fair Play was that many football clubs had financial problems aswell as to improve competitive balance in football.The purpose of this study is to analyze the development of the competitive balance in connection with the introduction of Financial Fair Play in Europe's five largest football leagues. The study also aims to analyze the relationship between financial performance and sports success for the top five European leagues.The framework consists of previous research in competitive balance and the relationship between financial performance and sporting success. The theories being are new institutional theory and resource-based theory. Different statistical methods are used to analyze collected data.The study reveals that the competitive balance shows decreased index value after the introduction of the Financial Fair Play but the competitive balance between the top five teams and the rest shows an increase of index value. It also concludes that there is a positive correlation between points gained per match and earnings before interest and taxes, and points gained per match and staff costs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
Financial Fair Play, Competitive Balance, Football, UEFA
Keywords [sv]
Financial Fair Play, Konkurrensbalans, Fotboll, UEFA
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-36230DiVA, id: diva2:1319071
Subject / course
Business Administration FE1
Supervisors
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Available from: 2019-05-29 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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