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Paths to collaboration? A Study on Multifunctional Mountain Trails
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8243-9046
2019 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Trails in natural areas constitute an essential resource in tourism as they provide infrastructure for both tourists and tourism companies. Trails allow access to nature and increase safety for visitors by guiding them to the appropriate route, where places of danger are avoided and the risk of damaging ecologically sensitive areas minimized. Even so, touristic activities in natural settings are today increasing and are more diversified as there are many ‘new’ activities becoming accessible for more people, for example mountain biking, trail-running and mountaineering. These trends and changes in tourism and outdoor recreation have resulted in an increase of trail-use, which in turn entails more trail-based conflicts. Conflicts occur between different recreational activities that use the same trail, but also between trail-based recreationists and other land-use interests. Thus, planners and managers of natural areas increasingly have to handle conflicts related to trail-use. Although conflicts relating to trails are becoming more common, research on trails as a conflict management tool is limited. Research has mainly focused on conflicts between trail-based recreation activities, and not on how the trail itself can be used to handle conflicts between land-use interests. As a number of land-use interests use the trail for various purposes, it can be argued that the multi-faceted features and flexible characteristics that constitute a trail can be helpful in handling such conflicts. The point of departure for this licentiate thesis is the assumption that trails in the natural landscape can function as a conflict management tool. Through the recreational trail, dialogue and discussions are made possible among stakeholders. Trails can therefore function as facilitators for communication, and thus enhance the possibilities of building trust and promoting collaboration between actors.

The results of this thesis derive from a case study of the southern Jämtland mountains in Sweden, an area where conflicts of interests exist. There are several different interests and perspectives on how the mountain landscape should be used, perspectives including those of tourism companies, reindeer herding, nature conservation interests and local population. The trails in the area are, however, important to all stakeholder groups, and collaboration around the trails is therefore examined in this thesis as an applied example where stakeholders communicate and negotiate.

Data for this thesis was collected by working closely with stakeholders in the area and by organizing workshops where different interests could meet and discuss issues relating to trails. Results show that creating platforms for collaboration and dialogue are important for increasing the understanding between different interests represented within stakeholder groups. Such platforms can therefore be highly valuable in handling conflicts regarding land-use.

This licentiate thesis contributes to increased knowledge on the multi-faceted roles of trails intended for tourism and outdoor recreation. This is achieved by the examination of international trail research to identify research gaps, together with the analysis of trails as a tool for collaboration and communication to handle land-use conflicts. The thesis contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests, and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach; that of the recreational trail as a facilitator for communication.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2019. , s. 74
Serie
Mid Sweden University licentiate thesis, ISSN 1652-8948 ; 150
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34930ISBN: 978-91-88527-81-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34930DiVA, id: diva2:1268913
Presentation
2019-01-18, G1352, Mittuniversitetet, Kunskapens Väg 8, Östersund, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Naturvårdsverket
Anmärkning

Vid tidpunkten för framläggningen av avhandlingen var följande delarbete opublicerat: delarbete 2 (manuskript).

At the time of the defence the following paper was unpublished: paper 2 (manuscript)

Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-07 Skapad: 2018-12-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Trails for Tourism and Outdoor Recreation: A Systematic Literature Review
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 65, nr 4, s. 488-508Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Trails are important elements in the natural and cultural landscape, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great significance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. By conducting a systematic quantitative literature review, this paper report on the status of international trail research and analyzes some of the key content with focus on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation in non-urban settings. For this purpose, we reviewed 195 research papers published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Results show that research on trails for tourism and outdoor recreation is primarily from English-speaking Western countries. The most studied trail-based activity is hiking, but there has been an increase in the number of studies researching multiple activities. Results also show that international trail research to a large extent is based on the natural sciences, and focus on environmental and managerial aspects of trail use. This review identifies gaps in trail research, especially in a socio-cultural context on topics such as heritage and public health. Research on conflicts between different recreational trail-based activities is also relatively scarce, as well as studies concerning conflicts between trail-based recreation interests and other land-use interests. We also identify a need for an exploration of the trail concept, as research has not yet articulated a clear definition of what a trail is. The paper also includes analyses of changes in trail-related research over time.

Nyckelord
recreational trails, tourism, outdoor recreation, literature review, trail research over time
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32676 (URN)000419189800008 ()2-s2.0-85040866997 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
Negotiating Pathways to Multi-functional Landscapes
Tillgänglig från: 2018-01-15 Skapad: 2018-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Negotiating improved multifunctional landscape use: trails as facilitators for collaboration among stakeholders
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Negotiating improved multifunctional landscape use: trails as facilitators for collaboration among stakeholders
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 13, artikel-id 3511Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Abstract [en]

Trails are significant features in landscapes, and many ancient pathways have developed into routes of great importance for recreation and tourism in contemporary societies. Nevertheless, international research on recreational trails has hitherto mainly focused on managerial and environmental aspects of trails and less on trails from a social science perspective, such as conflict management. This study explores the role of recreational trails as a potential tool for managing conflicts in a multifunctional landscape. The findings originate from a case study of the southern Jamtland mountain region in Sweden, an area where land-use conflicts exist and where tourism is a major concern. The study examines the recreational trail as an applied example where actors in the mountain landscape negotiate and collaborate. through the recreational trail, dialogue and discussions are made possible among stakeholders. Findings show that trails can function as facilitators for communication and can thus enhance the possibilities of building trust and promoting collaboration between actors. This research contributes to the existing literature on handling multiple land-use interests and adds to previous knowledge by taking on a rather new approach, where the recreational trail becomes a facilitator for communication.

Nyckelord
trails, tourism, conflict management, collaboration, communication, mountain landscape
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34929 (URN)10.3390/su11133511 (DOI)000477051900016 ()2-s2.0-85068738899 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-07 Skapad: 2018-12-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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