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Energy contributions and pacing strategies of elite XC skiers during sprint skiing
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. (NVC)
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. (NVC)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3814-6246
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. (NVC)
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap. (NVC)
2016 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: At present, knowledge regarding energy contributions and pacing strategies during successive sprint time-trials (STTs) in cross-country (XC) skiing is limited and, therefore, the current study was designed to examine these parameters. The results shown have recently been published elsewhere (Andersson et al., 2016).METHODS: Ten well-trained male XC skiers performed four self-paced 1300-m STTs on a treadmill, separated by 45 min of recovery. The simulated STT course was divided into three flat (1°) sections (S1, S3 and S5) involving the double poling (DP) sub-technique interspersed with two uphill (7°) sections (S2 and S4) involving the diagonal stride (DS) sub-technique. Treadmill velocity and VO2 were monitored continuously and technique-specific gross efficiency (based on submaximal pre-tests) was used to estimate anaerobic energy production.RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The average STT performance time was 229 ± 9 s and the aerobic energy contribution was 82 ± 5%. A positive pacing strategy was used during all STTs, with 3-9% more time spent on the second half of the course (P < 0.05). In addition, the pacing strategy was regulated to the terrain, with substantially higher (~30%) metabolic rates, due to primarily higher anaerobic energy production, for uphill compared with flat skiing (P < 0.05). The individually fastest STT was more aggressively paced compared to the slowest STT (P < 0.05), which resulted in a higher O2 deficit rate (13 ± 4 versus 11 ± 4 mL/kg/min, P < 0.05), while the VO2 was similar (both 52 ± 3 mL/kg/min). These findings emphasise the importance of a fast start. The within-athlete coefficient of variation (CV) in performance time, VO2 and O2 deficit were 1.3 ± 0.4%, 1.4 ± 0.9% and 11.2 ± 4.9%, respectively, with the CV in O2 deficit explaining 69% of the CV in performance. The pacing strategies were highly consistent, with an average CV in speed of 3.4%.CONCLUSION: The fastest STT was characterized by more aggressive pacing and a greater anaerobic energy production. Although the individual performance time during the four STTs was highly consistent, the small within-athlete variability in performance was related to variations in anaerobic energy production.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016.
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29783DiVA, id: diva2:1059785
Konferens
ICSS 2016 - International Congress on Science and Skiing, Arlberg, Austria, 10-15th December, 2016
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-23 Skapad: 2016-12-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-12-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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Andersson, ErikHolmberg, Hans-ChristerØrtenblad, NielsBjörklund, Glenn

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Andersson, ErikHolmberg, Hans-ChristerØrtenblad, NielsBjörklund, Glenn
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Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap
Medicin och hälsovetenskap

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