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Toward Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis – Exploring Technology Adoption And Continuoususe As Lifeworld Experience
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informations- och kommunikationssystem. (ValIT group)
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för informations- och kommunikationssystem.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, PACIS 2015 - Proceedings, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems , 2015, artikel-id Paper 63Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

With recent rapid digital evolution and integration of technology into our lifeworld, the suitability of causal based methods to study IT-entangled everyday experiences is becoming dubious. As interpretive research methods emerge as viable alternatives, some has criticized its rigor based on its less critical stance and lack of tools to understand complex historical and environmental influences on individual experiences. Drawing upon phenomenology, we propose Interpretive Phenomenological Analyses (IPA) as potential interpretive method of inquiry to understand how and why we engage with information systems. IPA provides a tool to both critical explore and hermeneutically interpret phenomena of lifeworld experiences based on users’ interpretation of their own experiences. The approach also provides a means to mapping out participants’ object of concern and their experiential claims using hermeneutical and critical questioning, then coherently contextualize participants’ interpretation within their environmental and cultural settings. We illustrate the proposed method with empirical evidence of excerpt from a longitude study of IS usage research. Consideration is given to philosophical assumptions, different IPA approaches, and researchers’ fore-structure presumptions of their field of interest. The paper intends to contribute toward the discussion of interpretive research methods in the field of information systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems , 2015. artikel-id Paper 63
Nyckelord [en]
Interpretative phenomenological analysis, hermeneutics, lifeworld experience, IS usage, interpretative research method
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29317Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011019276OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-29317DiVA, id: diva2:1048850
Konferens
19th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, PACIS 2015; Singapore; Singapore; 5 July 2015 through 9 July 2015
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-22 Skapad: 2016-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Being-human in the world of digital artifacts: holistic rethinking of design practices
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Being-human in the world of digital artifacts: holistic rethinking of design practices
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This  thesis  conducts  a  philosophical,  theoretical, and  practical  exploration  of digital technology design to examine how digital technologies can fulfill our two-facet of existentiality – identified in the thesis as belonginess and novelty. By belonginess, I identify human’s innate need for a feeling of connectedness and harmony with the self, others, and the natural world. The word novelty implies the human interest in exploration, invention, and desire for new experiences. This research suggests that contemporary  digital  technologies  are  largely  novelty  need-oriented,  while  our belonginess  need  is  either  ignored  or  its  growth  curtailed.  The  research  question presented in this thesis is how and why can design enable digital technologies to mediate aligned  existentiality?  With  this  broad  question,  I  will  argue  that  an  alignment between digital technologies and our two-facet of existentiality can be met through refocused design practices.  Strong arguments have been forwarded that novelty focused digital technologies can reduce our existential  needs of belonginess. Digital technologies are leading consumerist  commodities  associated  with  creating  unrelenting  demand  for  new experiences.  The  search  for  constant  stimulation  and  novelty  has  resulted  in  a fragmented and alienated state of being-human where the only way of feeling a sense of belonging comes from consuming more novel experiences. As contemporary everyday life is increasingly intertwined with digital technologies, their effect on our way of being-human becomes even more notable.  Against  this  background,  the  research  attempts  to  ‘bring  back’  our  needs  of belonginess to an equal footing with novelty in digital technologies. I have examined the  current  digital  technology  design’s  philosophical,  theoretical,  and  practical foundations  to  refocus  design,  from  its  too  strong focus  on  developing  novelty experiences  to  mediating  aligned  existentiality.  With  the  aim  of  refocusing  the design  role,  a  theoretical  framework  based  on  holism  has  emerged  that  could provide design a background to focus on mediating aligned existentiality. Primarily ivinformed by three thinkers – Marin Heidegger, Karl Marx, and John Dewey – the proposed holistic theoretical framework aims to provide design with a basis to (1) embed belonginess values in digital technologies (2) redirect digital technologies from  alienating  values  such  as  consumerism,  and  (3)  provide  a  mediating materiality for digital technologies to advance aligned existentiality while in use. The  thesis  further  illustrates  the  proposed  holistic  dimensions  –  philosophy, theory, and practice – using three empirical materials. I argue that the proposed holistic foundation for design is also aligned with how digital technologies are being used in the everyday lifeworld. Consequently, by freeing design from its traditional responsibility of making technically savvy and novel artifacts and refocusing its role to mediating aligned existentiality, design can itself be used to support our being-human in the world of digital artifacts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden university, 2016. s. 157
Serie
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 256
Nyckelord
Aligned existentiality, the design role, belonginess, novelty, being-human, holism, dualism, digital technologies
Nationell ämneskategori
Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29323 (URN)978-91-88025-94-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2016-12-16, L111, Sundsvall, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 8 accepterat, delarbete 9 under granskning.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 8 accepted, paper 9 under review.

Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-25 Skapad: 2016-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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