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Environmental fiscal reform in Namibia: A potential approach to reduce poverty?
Swedish National Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden. (Miljöekonomiska enheten)
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7206-6568
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Environment and Development, ISSN 1070-4965, E-ISSN 1552-5465, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 219-243Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the likely effects of an environmental fiscal reform in Namibia are examined using a Computable General Equilibrium model. We find that a triple dividend—improving the environment, increasing employment, and reducing poverty at the same time—remains elusive. Subsidizing unskilled labor would give the most favorable result in terms of real GDP and employment, but the worst in terms of environmental effects. Transfers targeted toward poorer households have the best distributional and environmental impacts, but do not lead to increases in GDP or employment. Thus there is scope to create additional benefits for society through the various environmental fiscal reform options studied, but there is no option that clearly outperforms the others in all respects.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012. Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 219-243
Emneord [en]
computable general equilibrium model, environmental fiscal reform, revenue recycling, policy instruments, Namibia
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15618DOI: 10.1177/1070496512442506ISI: 000304717200005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84868664217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-15618DiVA, id: diva2:468921
Forskningsfinansiär
FormasTilgjengelig fra: 2013-02-20 Laget: 2011-12-22 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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