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The significance of community context to child and adolescent health and well-being: A systematic review of multilevel studies
Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
Karolinska Institute; National Public Health Institute, Stockholm.
Ansvarlig organisasjon
2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 544-554Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Growing up in a poor neighbourhood has negative effects on children and adolescents. In the literature it has been concluded that the risk of low birth weight, childhood injury and abuse, and teenage pregnancy or criminality double in poor areas. However, the validity of such studies has been questioned, as they have been associated with ecological or individualistic fallacies. Studies using multilevel technique might thus contribute important knowledge in this field. The present review clarifies the importance of neighbourhood contextual factors in child and adolescent health outcomes, through considering only studies using multilevel technique. Keyword searching of the Medline, ERIC, PsycInfo, Sociological Abstracts, and Social Citation Index databases was performed. Original studies using multilevel technique to examine the effect of neighbourhood characteristics on child and adolescent health outcomes, and focusing on populations in high‐income countries were included. Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and social climate were shown to have small to moderate effects on child health outcomes, i.e. birth weight, injuries, behavioural problems, and child maltreatment. On average, 10% of variation in health outcomes was explained by neighbourhood determinants, after controlling for important individual and family variables. This review demonstrates that interventions in underprivileged neighbourhoods can reduce health risks to children, especially in families that lack resources. An analysis of methodological fallacies indicates that observed effects and effect sizes can be underestimated, and that interventions may well have greater impact than this review was able to establish.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2006. Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 544-554
Emneord [en]
socioeconomic factors, Child and adolescent, Community, Health and well-being, Multilevel analysis, Neighbourhood context, Residence characteristics
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-1125DOI: 10.1080/14034940600551251ISI: 000240664000013PubMedID: 16990166Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33749022474Lokal ID: 2777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-1125DiVA, id: diva2:26157
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-09-30 Laget: 2008-09-30 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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