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Wang, W., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, F., Wang, H., Wu, M., . . . Zhang, R. (2020). Remarkably enhanced hybrid piezo/triboelectric nanogenerator via rational modulation of piezoelectric and dielectric properties for self-powered electronics. Applied Physics Letters, 116(2), Article ID 023901.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Remarkably enhanced hybrid piezo/triboelectric nanogenerator via rational modulation of piezoelectric and dielectric properties for self-powered electronics
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2020 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 116, no 2, article id 023901Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The hybridization of different materials for energy scavenging techniques based on piezoelectric and triboelectric effects has been studied widely for various applications of nanogenerators. However, there are few reports utilizing the same oxide matrix materials with appropriate doping to simultaneously enhance the piezoelectric and triboelectric outputs. Herein, a hybrid nanogenerator (HG) consisting of a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) and a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) was constructed using (Ba0.838Ca0.162)(Ti0.9072Zr0.092)O3 (BCZTO)/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a piezoelectric layer and Ba(Ti0.8Zr0.2)O3 (BZTO)/PDMS as a triboelectric layer. For the PENG, how the electrical output was related to the BCZTO ratio in the BCZTO/PDMS composite films was systematically investigated. For the TENG, remarkably enhanced output performance is attributed to the ferroelectric polarization and large permittivity of the BZTO/PDMS. The Kelvin probe force microscopy measurements show that the poled BZTO/PDMS composite film with a 20 wt. % mass ratio of BZTO has the highest surface charge potential, in line with the macroscopic electrical outputs of the TENG. Interestingly, the output performance of the PENG in the HG is significantly enhanced compared to the PENG acting alone, which is also verified by COMSOL simulation. After rectification, the HG can produce a maximum output voltage of 390 V and a current density of 47 mA/m2. This work not only provides a feasible solution to enhance the output performance of the HG but also offers an effective approach to develop a small, portable power source with promising application in self-powered electronics. 

National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38351 (URN)10.1063/1.5134100 (DOI)000518029000019 ()2-s2.0-85078285797 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-03-19Bibliographically approved
Olsen, M., Zhang, R., Örtegren, J., Andersson, H., Yang, Y. & Olin, H. (2019). Frequency and voltage response of a wind-driven fluttering triboelectric nanogenerator. Scientific Reports, 9(1), Article ID 5543.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frequency and voltage response of a wind-driven fluttering triboelectric nanogenerator
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2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 5543Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG:s) are used as efficient energy transducers in energy harvesting converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. Wind is an abundant source of mechanical energy but how should a good triboelectric wind harvester be designed? We have built and studied a TENG driven by air flow in a table-top sized wind tunnel. Our TENG constitutes of a plastic film of size10 cm × 2 cm which is fluttering between two copper electrodes generating enough power to light up a battery of LED:s. We measured the voltage and frequency of fluttering at different wind speeds from zero up to 8 m/s for three electrode distances 6 mm, 10 mm and 14 mm. We found that the frequency increases linearly with the wind speed with a cutoff at some low speed. Power was generated already at 1.6 m/s. We seem to be able to explain the observed frequency dependence on wind speed by assuming excitation of the film into different harmonics in response to von Kármán vortices. We also find that the voltage increase linearly with frequency. We anticipate that TENG:s of this design could be useful both as generators and speed sensors because they work at low air speeds.

National Category
Natural Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35936 (URN)10.1038/s41598-019-42128-7 (DOI)000463178500004 ()30944397 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85063884794 (Scopus ID)
Funder
J. Gust. Richert stiftelseSwedish Energy AgencyKnowledge FoundationEuropean Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Note

Forskningsfinansiär: Länsstyrelsen Västernorrland

Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Ljunggren, J. & Olin, H. (2019). Gold and Zno-Based Metal-Semiconductor Network for Highly Sensitive Room-Temperature Gas Sensing. Sensors, 19(18), Article ID 3815.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gold and Zno-Based Metal-Semiconductor Network for Highly Sensitive Room-Temperature Gas Sensing
2019 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 19, no 18, article id 3815Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metal-semiconductor junctions and interfaces have been studied for many years due to their importance in applications such as semiconductor electronics and solar cells. However, semiconductor-metal networks are less studied because there is a lack of effective methods to fabricate such structures. Here, we report a novel Au-ZnO-based metal-semiconductor (M-S)n network in which ZnO nanowires were grown horizontally on gold particles and extended to reach the neighboring particles, forming an (M-S)n network. The (M-S)n network was further used as a gas sensor for sensing ethanol and acetone gases. The results show that the (M-S)n network is sensitive to ethanol (28.1 ppm) and acetone (22.3 ppm) gases and has the capacity to recognize the two gases based on differences in the saturation time. This study provides a method for producing a new type of metal-semiconductor network structure and demonstrates its application in gas sensing.

Keywords
gas sensors, gold particles, metal-semiconductor network, room temperature sensors, ZnO nanowires
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37307 (URN)10.3390/s19183815 (DOI)000489187800001 ()31487792 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85071735029 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Örtegren, J., Olsen, M., Andersson, H. & Olin, H. (2019). Interaction of the human body with triboelectric nanogenerators. Nano Energy, 57, 279-292
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction of the human body with triboelectric nanogenerators
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2019 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 57, p. 279-292Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) is a new technique for energy harvesting at both small and large scales. Almost all types of mechanical energy can be harvested with TENGs by using four modes of operation that cover almost all mechanical motions. The interactions of the human body with TENGs range from energy harvesting, motion sensing, and biomedical applications to human-computer communications. Different types of TENGs have been developed to directly or indirectly involve the human body. This review will summarize the recent advances in the interaction of the human body with TENGs.

Keywords
Energy harvesting, Healthcare, Human body, Human-robot interactions, Sensors, Triboelectric nanogenerators
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35386 (URN)10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.12.059 (DOI)000458419000028 ()2-s2.0-85059038089 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved
Jiang, Y., Wang, Y., Wu, H., Wang, Y., Zhang, R., Olin, H. & Yang, Y. (2019). Laser-Etched Stretchable Graphene–Polymer Composite Array for Sensitive Strain and Viscosity Sensors. Nano-Micro Letters, 11(1), Article ID 99.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laser-Etched Stretchable Graphene–Polymer Composite Array for Sensitive Strain and Viscosity Sensors
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2019 (English)In: Nano-Micro Letters, ISSN 2150-5551, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ability to control surface wettability and liquid spreading on textured surfaces is of interest for extensive applications. Soft materials have prominent advantages for producing the smart coatings with multiple functions for strain sensing. Here, we report a simple method to prepare flexible hydrophobic smart coatings using graphene–polymer films. Arrays of individual patterns in the films were created by laser engraving and controlled the contact angle of small drops by pinning the contact lines in a horizontal tensile range of 0–200%. By means of experiments and model, we demonstrate that the ductility of drops is relied on the height-to-spacing ratio of the individual pattern and the intrinsic contact angle. Moreover, the change of drop size was utilized to measure the applied strain and liquid viscosity, enabling a strain sensitivity as high as 1068 μm2/%. The proposed laser-etched stretchable graphene–polymer composite has potential applications in DNA microarrays, biological assays, soft robots, and so on.

Keywords
Hydrophobic smart coatings, Flexible sensors, Soft materials, Controlled drops Graphene
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37822 (URN)10.1007/s40820-019-0333-6 (DOI)000496665800001 ()2-s2.0-85075034262 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
Andersson, H., Šuly, P., Thungström, G., Engholm, M., Zhang, R., Mašlík, J. & Olin, H. (2019). PEDOT: PSS thermoelectric generators printed on paper substrates. Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications, 9(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PEDOT: PSS thermoelectric generators printed on paper substrates
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications, ISSN 2079-9268, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flexible electronics is a field gathering a growing interest among researchers and companies with widely varying applications, such as organic light emitting diodes, transistors as well as many different sensors. If the circuit should be portable or off-grid, the power sources available are batteries, supercapacitors or some type of power generator. Thermoelectric generators produce electrical energy by the diffusion of charge carriers in response to heat flux caused by a temperature gradient between junctions of dissimilar materials. As wearables, flexible electronics and intelligent packaging applications increase, there is a need for low-cost, recyclable and printable power sources. For such applications, printed thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are an interesting power source, which can also be combined with printable energy storage, such as supercapacitors. Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate), or PEDOT:PSS, is a conductive polymer that has gathered interest as a thermoelectric material. Plastic substrates are commonly used for printed electronics, but an interesting and emerging alternative is to use paper. In this article, a printed thermoelectric generator consisting of PEDOT:PSS and silver inks was printed on two common types of paper substrates, which could be used to power electronic circuits on paper. 

Keywords
Paper substrates, PEDOT:PSS, Seebeck coefficient, Stencil print, Thermoelectric generator
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36667 (URN)10.3390/jlpea9020014 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065493304 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Örtegren, J., Yang, Y., Andersson, H., Balliu, E., . . . Olin, H. (2019). Sensing body motions based on charges generated on the body. Nano Energy, 63, Article ID 103842.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensing body motions based on charges generated on the body
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2019 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 63, article id 103842Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The sensing of body motions is of great importance in areas such as healthcare, rehabilitation, and human-computer interactions. Different methods have been developed based on visual or electrical signals. However, such signals are acquired by external devices and are not intrinsic signals that are created on the body. Here, we report a new universal body motion sensor (UBS) to detect motions based on the intrinsic contact electrification (CE) of the skin or electrical induction (EI) of the body. The CE or EI generates charges on the body, leading to potential differences between the body and ground that can be measured to identify different body motions, such as motions of the head, arms, fingers, waist, legs, feet and toes. Proof-of-concept experiments have demonstrated that the UBS can be used to monitor the conditions of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and to quantitatively monitor the recovery of those with a leg injury, suggesting great potential for healthcare applications.

Keywords
Body motions, Sensors, Charges, Contact electrification, Electrical induction, Healthcare
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36826 (URN)10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.06.038 (DOI)000480422400034 ()2-s2.0-85068234493 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Olin, H., Blomquist, N. & Andres, B. (2019). The application of papers in energy harvesting and storage. In: : . Paper presented at 2019 China International Specialty Papers Expo & Conference, Quzhou, China, October 16-18, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The application of papers in energy harvesting and storage
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37824 (URN)
Conference
2019 China International Specialty Papers Expo & Conference, Quzhou, China, October 16-18, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Olin, H., Hummelgård, M., Olsen, M., Andersson, H., Dahlström, C. & Örtegren, J. (2019). Towards large area energy harvesting using triboelectric nangenerators fabricated with green materials. In: : . Paper presented at NENS 2019 The 4th International Conference on Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, June 15-17, 2019 Beijing, China.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards large area energy harvesting using triboelectric nangenerators fabricated with green materials
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37823 (URN)
Conference
NENS 2019 The 4th International Conference on Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, June 15-17, 2019 Beijing, China
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Carlsson, F., Edman, M., Hummelgård, M., Jonsson, B.-G., Bylund, D. & Olin, H. (2018). Escherichia coli Bacteria Develop Adaptive Resistance to Antibacterial ZnO Nanoparticles. Advanced Biosystem, 2(5), Article ID 1800019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Escherichia coli Bacteria Develop Adaptive Resistance to Antibacterial ZnO Nanoparticles
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2018 (English)In: Advanced Biosystem, ISSN 2366-7478, Vol. 2, no 5, article id 1800019Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Antibacterial agents based on nanoparticles (NPs) have many important applications, e.g., for the textile industry, surface disinfection, wound dressing, water treatment, and food preservation. Because of their prevalent use it is important to understand whether bacteria could develop resistance to such antibacterial NPs similarly to the resistance that bacteria are known to develop to antibiotics. Here, it is reported that Escherichia coli(E. coli) develops adaptive resistance to antibacterial ZnO NPs after several days' exposure to the NPs. But, in contrast to antibiotics‐resistance, the observed resistance to ZnO NPs is not stable—after several days without exposure to the NPs, the bacteria regain their sensitivity to the NPs' antibacterial properties. Based on the analyses it is suggested that the observed resistance is caused by changes in the shape of the bacteria and the expressions of membrane proteins. The findings provide insights into the response of bacteria to antibacterial NPs, which is important to elucidate for designing and evaluating the risk of applications based on antibacterial NPs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34436 (URN)10.1002/adbi.201800019 (DOI)000446970000008 ()2-s2.0-85065053901 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-18 Created: 2018-09-18 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2873-7875

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