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Rehnfors, Anneli
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Lundberg, H. & Rehnfors, A. (2019). The immigrant effect from employer and employee perspectives in a Swedish context. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 36(1-2), 126-147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The immigrant effect from employer and employee perspectives in a Swedish context
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 36, no 1-2, p. 126-147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This explorative study addresses the immigrant effect. Not only is the employer perspective considered, but employed immigrants also share their experiences. We report a multi-case comparative study of two immigrant-employing SMEs in Vasternorrland, a peripheral and sparsely populated region located in Mid Sweden, in northern Europe. The employment of immigrants reportedly had several advantages as well as disadvantages. Both employers and immigrant employees agreed that the immigrants' language and cultural competences reduced psychic distances between the company and the export market represented by the immigrant's country of origin. Employers reported a generally increased awareness of psychic distance among markets resulting from the employment of immigrants, though employing immigrants resulted in increased psychic distance within the companies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience Enterprises Ltd., 2019
Keywords
Cultural awareness, Cultural competence, Employer perspective, Export, Immigrant effect, Internationalisation, Internationalisation knowledge, Language, Liability of outsidership, Psychic distance, SME, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35410 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2019.096966 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, H. & Rehnfors, A. (2018). Transnational entrepreneurship: opportunity identification and venture creation. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 16(2), 150-175
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transnational entrepreneurship: opportunity identification and venture creation
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 150-175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present case study focuses on entrepreneurs who have migrated from one developed economy (Sweden or Finland) to another developed economy (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR)). In contrast to the dominating understanding, we find that the transnational entrepreneurial incentives were opportunity driven rather than necessity based. The opportunity types identified varied, but indicate the importance of service opportunities, a type often left out of studies and classifications. A prevalent characteristic of transnational entrepreneurship is opportunity recognition based on introducing processes or products to the country of residence, familiar from the country of origin or based on use of the entrepreneurs’ contacts in the home country. This study showed, however, that although this was the case for two entrepreneurs, some identified opportunities for acting in the opposite direction, or did both import and export. Notably, there was also a fourth category, offering business-facilitating services, bridging differing cultural contexts in relationship-middlemen positions. For these entrepreneurs, there was thus no obvious “domestic market” from the start as assumed in traditional internationalization theories. Furthermore, although their businesses started on a limited scale between two countries, they quickly grew and entered other country markets. These transnational businesses thus represent forms of born globals not included in the high-tech business models often associated with such firms. Our findings finally lend support to arguments that a business-favorable institutional environment facilitates and encourages entrepreneurship. 

Keywords
Born global, Immigrants, Institutional environment, Opportunity type, Relationship-middlemen position, Service, Transnational entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33639 (URN)10.1007/s10843-018-0228-5 (DOI)000438282800004 ()2-s2.0-85045424911 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, H. & Rehnfors, A. (2018). Transnationellt entreprenörskap: identifierade möjligheter och resulterande affärsverksamheter. Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transnationellt entreprenörskap: identifierade möjligheter och resulterande affärsverksamheter
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mid Sweden University, 2018
Series
Rapport / CER - Centrum för forskning om ekonomiska relationer ; 2018:2
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35148 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
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