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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Skott, S. (2019). Disaggregating Homicide: Changing trends in subtypes over time. Criminal justice and behavior, 46(11), 1650-1668
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaggregating Homicide: Changing trends in subtypes over time
2019 (English)In: Criminal justice and behavior, ISSN 0093-8548, E-ISSN 1552-3594, Vol. 46, no 11, p. 1650-1668Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to the heterogeneity of homicide, certain subtypes of homicide might have remained stable or even increased over time in the overall context of decline. Adding to the research attempting to identify a standardized classification system of homicide, this study used a novel, sophisticated statistical approach (multilevel latent class analysis [MLCA]) and an inductive theoretical stance to identify subtypes of homicide in Scotland and to examine how these types have changed over time. Using variables relating to the victim, offender, and the incident of homicide, four between-level types with three within-level classes of offenders in each type were identified. The findings showed that while all homicide types demonstrated an absolute decrease, domestic homicides had demonstrated a relative increase over time. Implications for policy, theory, and practice are discussed.

Keywords
homicide, aggression, criminal behavior, domestic violence, latent class analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36729 (URN)10.1177/0093854819858648 (DOI)000494023700008 ()2-s2.0-85068390096 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-12 Created: 2019-07-12 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2019). Disaggregating Violence: Understanding the Decline. Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaggregating Violence: Understanding the Decline
2019 (English)In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Although trends of violent crime have been examined for over a century, no previous study has examined the change of subtypes of violence over time. This study therefore aims to identify subtypes of violence in Scotland, where violence levels have decreased from one of the highest in Europe to one of the lowest, based on variables relating to the victim, offender, and incident, and to examine how these subtypes have changed over time. Four main types of violence were identified using multilevel latent class analysis on Scottish Crime and Justice Survey data: public no weapon, public weapon, work-related, and domestic. The findings show that although all types of violence have demonstrated an absolute decrease over time, Domestic and work-related violence have demonstrated relative increases over time. The findings are discussed in relation to the inequality of this decrease and propose guidelines for future prevention policies.

Keywords
violence exposure, domestic violence, workplace violence, violence trends
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35838 (URN)10.1177/0886260519838496 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063335775 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-22 Created: 2019-03-22 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved
Skott, S., Beauregard, E. & Darjee, R. (2019). Female Sexual Homicide Offenders: A Descriptive and Comparative Study. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 64(1), 154-162
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Female Sexual Homicide Offenders: A Descriptive and Comparative Study
2019 (English)In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, ISSN 0022-1198, E-ISSN 1556-4029, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 154-162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on female sexual homicide has been very scarce. In Europe, it has rarely been examined, and in Scotland, it has never previously been studied. This exploratory study aims to examine the characteristics of sexual homicides involving female offenders between 1990 and 2015 in Scotland. Using data from the Scottish Homicide Database between 1990 and 2015, female sexual homicides (n = 7) were compared to nonsexual homicides committed by females (n = 106) and to sexual homicides committed by men (n = 89) using Fisher’s exact tests. The findings show that although female sexual homicide offenders are similar to both female nonsexual homicide offenders and male sexual homicide offenders in certain aspects, there are important differences that distinguish sexual homicides involving female offenders from both groups. Female sexual homicide offenders can arguably be seen as a distinct group of offenders, with specific characteristics and specific needs.

Keywords
Forensic Science, Criminology, Sexual homicide, female offending, homicide, sexual offending
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33728 (URN)10.1111/1556-4029.13807 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-06-07 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2019). Homicide and Violence in Scotland: Changing Subtypes over Time. In: : . Paper presented at Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2019, STOCKHOLM JUNE 10-12, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Homicide and Violence in Scotland: Changing Subtypes over Time
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The lack of information about the relationship between homicide and violence was identified as a gap in knowledge almost 30 years ago. Despite this, little research has been conducted worldwide regarding this relationship on a national level since then, and the results of that research have been very contradictory. This lack of research includes Scotland, despite its unenviable reputation of being the most violent country in the Western world. In order to fill this gap in research, this paper aims to examine the changing characteristics and patterns of homicide in Scotland and to determine the extent to which changes in homicide reflect the changing characteristics and patterns in wider violence.

Due to the heterogeneity of homicide, certain subtypes of homicide and violence might have remained stable or even increased over time in the overall context of violence decline. In order to examine the relationship between homicide and violence in Scotland, subtypes of both homicide and violence were identified and compared over time, using a novel, sophisticated statistical approach (MLCA). Using variables relating to the offender, victim and the incident, the study identified four main types of homicide and four main types of violence. While there are some differences in the subtypes identified, the overall trends in these two crimes seem to follow a similar pattern over time. A key finding from this study is that the general decrease in both homicide and violence was driven by a reduction in the same type of violence, namely violence committed by young men in public places and involving the use of sharp instruments. However, this general decrease in violence masks a hidden relative increase in both lethal and non-lethal forms of domestic violence over time. This provides valuable insights for policy as well as increasing our understanding of the complexities of violent crime.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38214 (URN)
Conference
Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2019, STOCKHOLM JUNE 10-12, 2019
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-14Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2019). Maskulinitet och våld i förändring: Vertigo of Masculinity. In: : . Paper presented at Genusmarathon 2019, Östersund, 21 mars, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maskulinitet och våld i förändring: Vertigo of Masculinity
2019 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38221 (URN)
Conference
Genusmarathon 2019, Östersund, 21 mars, 2019
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-14Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. & McVie, S. (2019). Reduction in homicide and violence in Scotland is largely explained by fewer gangs and less knife crime.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reduction in homicide and violence in Scotland is largely explained by fewer gangs and less knife crime
2019 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 5
Series
AQMeN Research Briefing ; 13
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35556 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2019). Sexual Homicide Targeting Children: Exploring Offender, Victim, and Modus Operandi Factors. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 63(9), 1663-1680
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual Homicide Targeting Children: Exploring Offender, Victim, and Modus Operandi Factors
2019 (English)In: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, Vol. 63, no 9, p. 1663-1680Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sexual child homicides are rare, even among sexual homicides, and no previous study has compared sexual child homicide with nonsexual child homicides. To address this gap in research, this study aims to compare sexual child homicide offenders (n = 8) with two comparison groups: sexual adult homicide offenders (n = 89) and nonsexual child homicide offenders (n = 176) regarding victim, offender, and modus operandi factors. Using bivariate analysis, the results show that although sexual child homicide offenders appear more similar to other sexual homicide offenders than to homicide offenders, sexual offenders targeting children differ from both groups on certain variables. Sexual child homicide offenders more often used strangulation as a method of killing, had intoxicated victims, used multiple locations, and destroyed evidence after the murder. The study concludes that sexual homicide offenders targeting children should be considered distinct from other offenders and that the salient characteristics linked to sadism and instrumentality should be further examined.

Keywords
sexual homicide; sexual child homicide; child homicide; comparative research; sadism
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35554 (URN)10.1177/0306624X19825814 (DOI)000472036200008 ()2-s2.0-85060682838 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved
Skott, S., Beauregard, E., Darjee, R. & Martineau, M. (2019). The consistency of sexual homicide characteristics and typologies across countries: a comparison of Canadian and Scottish sexual homicides. Journal of Sexual Aggression
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The consistency of sexual homicide characteristics and typologies across countries: a comparison of Canadian and Scottish sexual homicides
2019 (English)In: Journal of Sexual Aggression, ISSN 1355-2600, E-ISSN 1742-6545Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Although similar subtypes of sexual homicide have been described crossnationally, no study has directly examined whether two samples from different jurisdictions are comparable. This study therefore aimed to examine whether any substantively meaningful subtypes of sexual homicide cases could be identified in each sample, and if so, whether these subtypes were similar across jurisdictions. Two samples of male sexual homicide offenders were compared: a Scottish sample (n=89) and a Canadian sample (n=150). Subtypes were identified in each sample using LCA, identifying a 3-class solution in each sample. Despite differences between samples on the bivariate level, two very similar subtypes (Controlled-Organized and Diverse) emerged in both samples. Despite differences at the bivariate level, the similarities at the multivariate level indicate similarities in underlying offence pathways which underpin heterogeneity in sexual homicide offenders. The similarities between the subtypes identified suggests potential universality of types of sexual homicides cross-nationally.

Keywords
sexual homicide, subtypes, homicide typology, international comparison
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38213 (URN)10.1080/13552600.2019.1697831 (DOI)000504227100001 ()2-s2.0-85076719203 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-02-21Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2018). A Typology of Homicide in the Context of the Crime Drop. In: : . Paper presented at European Society of Criminology Conference in Sarajevo, Bosnia Herzegovina, Aug 29 - Sep 1, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Typology of Homicide in the Context of the Crime Drop
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38215 (URN)
Conference
European Society of Criminology Conference in Sarajevo, Bosnia Herzegovina, Aug 29 - Sep 1, 2018
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-14Bibliographically approved
Skott, S. (2018). Changing Types of Homicide in Scotland and their Relationship to Changing Types of Wider Violence. (Doctoral dissertation). Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing Types of Homicide in Scotland and their Relationship to Changing Types of Wider Violence
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edinburgh: The University of Edinburgh, 2018
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38222 (URN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2433-9618

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