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Zakrisson, Daniel
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Niskanen, I., Forsberg, V., Zakrisson, D., Engberg, B. A., Heikkilä, R. & Thungström, G. (2020). Determination of relative solids concentration in homogeneous dual component pulp-filler suspension by multi-spectrophotometer. Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determination of relative solids concentration in homogeneous dual component pulp-filler suspension by multi-spectrophotometer
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2020 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The concentration of fibers and fillers in the pulp suspension is an important parameter in the monitoring process. This paper proposes a versatile optical measurement system to estimate the concentration of a solids mixture in water. The geometry used in a multi-spectrophotometer (MSM) enables the controlled observation of transmission, and forward scattering light from the suspension in the UV-visible spectral range. We have developed the new fibers mixing system which gives a homogenous distribution of the fines and fillers making it possible to increase the reproducibility and accuracy of the measurement. The data analysis is based on the Beer-Lambert law and CIELAB color space equations. The results show that the proposed method is accurate for measuring the fines and filler concentrations in multicomponent suspensions. 

Keywords
Color, Fillers, Forward scattering, Meteorological instruments, Optical data processing, Spectrophotometers, Absorption co-efficient, Beer Lambert law, Filler concentration, fines, Monitoring process, Optical measurement systems, Reproducibilities, Solids concentrations, Suspensions (fluids)
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38488 (URN)10.1515/npprj-2018-0058 (DOI)2-s2.0-85079054151 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-02-21 Created: 2020-02-21 Last updated: 2020-02-21Bibliographically approved
Niskanen, I., Forsberg, V., Zakrisson, D., Reza, S., Hummelgård, M., Andres, B., . . . Thungström, G. (2019). Determination of nanoparticle size using Rayleigh approximation and Mie theory. Chemical Engineering Science, 201(29), 222-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determination of nanoparticle size using Rayleigh approximation and Mie theory
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2019 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Science, ISSN 0009-2509, E-ISSN 1873-4405, Vol. 201, no 29, p. 222-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Accurate determination of the size of nanoparticles has an important role in many different scientific and industrial purposes, such as in material, medical and environment sciences, colloidal chemistry and astrophysics. We describe an effective optical method to determine the size of nanoparticles by analysis of transmission and scattering of visible spectral range data from a designed UV-Vis multi-spectrophotometer. The size of the nanoparticles was calculated from the extinction cross section of the particles using Rayleigh approximation and Mie theory. We validated the method using polystyrene nanospheres, cellulose nanofibrils, and cellulose nanocrystals. A good agreement was achieved through graphical analysis between measured extinction cross section values and theoretical Rayleigh approximation and Mie theory predictions for the sizes of polystyrene nanospheres at wavelength range 450 - 750 nm. Provided that Rayleigh approximation's forward scattering (FS)/back scattering (BS) ratio was smaller than 1.3 and Mie theory's FS/BS ratio was smaller than 1.8. A good fit for the hydrodynamic diameter of nanocellulose was achieved using the Mie theory and Rayleigh approximation. However, due to the high aspect ratio of nanocellulose, the obtained results do not directly reflect the actual cross-sectional diameters of the nanocellulose. Overall, the method is a fast, relatively easy, and simple technique to determine the size of a particle by a spectrophotometer. Consequently, the method can be utilized for example in production and quality control purposes as well as for research and development applications.

Keywords
Nanoparticles, size, Rayleigh approximation, Mie theory, spectrophotometer, nanocellulose
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35764 (URN)10.1016/j.ces.2019.02.020 (DOI)000462034900020 ()2-s2.0-85062846560 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-08 Created: 2019-03-08 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Soetedjo, H., Niskanen, I., Rautkari, L., Altgen, M., Hiltunen, E., Thungström, G., . . . Räty, J. (2018). Determining the degree of heat treatment of wood by light polarization technique. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 76(4), 1359-1362
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determining the degree of heat treatment of wood by light polarization technique
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736X, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 1359-1362Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermal modification of wood enables the use of non-durable wood species in exterior applications, but quality control methods are required to monitor the product variability. This study tests the potential of a light polarization technique where visible light (400–500 nm) is directed through a linear polarizer to the surface of thermally modified wood to measure the reflectance. Besides an effect of the grain direction, the reflectance decreased with increasing temperature during the thermal modification process. The technique could be used for quality control, but further studies are required to understand its modes of action. 

National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33664 (URN)10.1007/s00107-018-1311-2 (DOI)000435782200029 ()2-s2.0-85045912828 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
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