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Röslmaier, Michael
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Ioannides, D., Röslmaier, M. & van der Zee, E. (2019). Airbnb as an instigator of ‘tourism bubble’ expansion in Utrecht's Lombok neighbourhood. Tourism Geographies, 21(5), 822-840
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Airbnb as an instigator of ‘tourism bubble’ expansion in Utrecht's Lombok neighbourhood
2019 (English)In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 822-840Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Airbnb phenomenon as part of the broader growth of the so-called collaborative economy has grabbed the attention of a growing number of tourism researchers. Among the topics explored have been investigations as to the spatial tendencies of Airbnb in cities and discussions concerning its effects, inter alia, on gentrification, over-touristification and eventual resident displacement. Recognizing that the majority of extant studies have been conducted either in major cities, which in their own right attract large numbers of visitors or in tourism-intensive smaller communities we chose to investigate what Airbnb growth means for a mid-sized city with a highly diversified economy, which is not yet over-touristified. Our focus was on the Dutch city of Utrecht. Through a geospatial and statistical analysis of AirDNA data, we explored the growth of Airbnbs in the city overall, focusing specifically on the phenomenon's effects on the Lombok neighbourhood, a nascent ‘neo-bohemia’ neighbouring the city-centre tourist bubble. Our analysis reveals that although Airbnb activity in this neighbourhood is relatively recent there are signs suggesting that further touristification of parts of Lombok has ignited increased Airbnb activity. Moreover, there is a distance decay of Airbnb activity as one moves away from the city centre and from established tourism services including restaurants. These findings suggest that in an emerging neo-bohemian space such as Lombok, Airbnb takes on a role as instigator of urban tourism bubble expansion. The study ends with a call for further investigations to better understand the implications expanded Airbnb activity has, among others, on social justice within cities. For example, future investigations could examine the manner in which Airbnbs influence the everyday life of the residents of urban spaces and investigate the conflicts that might arise in Airbnb ghettoes between visitors and locals. 

Keywords
Airbnb listings, collaborative economy, Lombok, neo-bohemia, urban tourist bubble, Utrecht
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33631 (URN)10.1080/14616688.2018.1454505 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044778848 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
Margaryan, L., Prince, S., Ioannides, D. & Röslmaier, M. (2018). Dancing with Cranes: A humanist perspective of cultural ecosystem services of wetlands. Tourism Geographies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dancing with Cranes: A humanist perspective of cultural ecosystem services of wetlands
2018 (English)In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Cultural ecosystem services (CES) are important spatial elements providinghumans with recreational, aesthetic, spiritual and other benefits. Yet, because of their immaterial, subjective, qualitative and unmeasurable nature, this means that scientists,decision-makersand general public oftenfind their value difficult to grasp. Weenrich the CES approach with theoretical insights from humanistgeography, where we frame CESas arising from perpetual interactions between humans and their environment.Places are formed through various processes, both organic and planned, which endow people with unique identities, experiences, capabilities, knowledge and skills.We use the rural wetland area of Lake Hornborga, Sweden, with its complex history of restoration phases, to explore theprofound interrelations betweenenvironmental spaces and cultural practices expressed in the everyday activities of learning, playing, creating, caring, producing, and consuming. The data was collected through qualitative methods, including interviews, observations and a focused group interview, in order to capture these unique senses and experiences. The findings outline CES as key drivers behind the formation of place, rather than mere labels for inventoryingbenefits people receive from nature. The presence of the iconic migratory crane is especially conducive to a positive sense of place and the practice of various activities, including tourism, around the wetland. We frame the implications for planning and future research of our findings within a context of ethics.

Keywords
cultural ecosystem services, place making, cranes, wetlands, Sweden, case study
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34757 (URN)10.1080/14616688.2018.1522512 (DOI)2-s2.0-85059450029 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Danielsson, E., Petridou, E., Lundgren, M., Olofsson, A., Große, C. & Röslmaier, M. (2018). Risk Communication: A Comparative Study of Eight EU Countries. MSB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Communication: A Comparative Study of Eight EU Countries
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2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How do EU member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises. The questions serving as departure points for this study are as follows: How is the administrative system for risk communication set up in the countries studied? How the different risk communication campaigns are (provided that they exist) embedded in the larger administrative context? How is risk communication strategy formulated in each country and what kind of threats are emphasized? In order to tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, as well as other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We acknowledge that risk communication aims at supporting vulnerable populations and evening out imbalances, but at the same time we flesh out the power dimension of risk. In our analysis, we search for reproduction of norms and social inequality in risk communication practices. The results show that some patterns emerge regarding the way different EU countries convey information to the public, but they do not hold strictly to geography or administrative system. Digital media are the foremost vehicle of risk communication and the message generally conveyed is geared towards traditional, middle class households with the main language of the country as their first language. Volunteer organizations are present in all the countries in question, though not at the same degree. The conveyance of “self-protection” guidelines implicitly places the responsibility of protection to the individual. The results also show that in some countries, materiality has become more prevalent than the social dimension of risk in the message the public sector conveys, and that there is a move from focusing on risk to focusing on security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MSB, 2018. p. 71
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35027 (URN)978-91-7383-868-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
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