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Große, Christine, Fil.LicORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4869-5094
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Ekström, L. & Große, C. (2020). Choice of Airport in Extinguishing Wildfires: Model and Cases. In: Greg H. Parlier, Federico Liberatore and Marc Demange (Ed.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems (ICORES): . Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems (ICORES2020), February 22-24, 2020, in Valletta, Malta (pp. 364-371). SciTePress
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Choice of Airport in Extinguishing Wildfires: Model and Cases
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems (ICORES) / [ed] Greg H. Parlier, Federico Liberatore and Marc Demange, SciTePress, 2020, p. 364-371Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper develops a model to support the optimal choice of an airport as a base for the flying vehicles that are operated to extinguish wildfires and forest fires. Based on experiences from the two largest wildfires in Swedish history, this study models the optimisation as a balanced transportation problem. In both cases, the model selected the airport that is closest to the fire area. If the capacity of the chosen airport was insufficient to host all of the flying vehicles, then the model added a second airport which is also nearby the wildfire area. The cases demonstrate that the total cost of the operation is lower when the extinguishing work is concentrated in an area that has a short distance between the airport and the fire, the fuel depots and the pilots’ accommodation. Improved access to relevant data in the context of crisis management by air could allow for the inclusion of additional parameters and correct data in the optimisation model, which could in turn provide more comprehensive decision-making support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SciTePress, 2020
Keywords
Balanced Transportation Problem, Wildfire, Regional Airport, Flying Forces, Real-life Application
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38728 (URN)10.5220/0009166703640371 (DOI)2-s2.0-85082990859 (Scopus ID)978-989-758-396-4 (ISBN)
Conference
9th International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems (ICORES2020), February 22-24, 2020, in Valletta, Malta
Projects
Regionala flygplatser
Available from: 2020-03-27 Created: 2020-03-27 Last updated: 2020-04-21Bibliographically approved
Åkerlund, A. & Große, C. (2020). Integration of Data Envelopment Analysis in Business Process Models: A novel approach to measure information security. In: Steven Furnell, Paolo Mori, Edgar Weippl and Olivier Camp (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP): . Paper presented at International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP), February 25-27, 2020, in Valletta, Malta (pp. 281-288). SciTePress
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integration of Data Envelopment Analysis in Business Process Models: A novel approach to measure information security
2020 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP) / [ed] Steven Furnell, Paolo Mori, Edgar Weippl and Olivier Camp, SciTePress, 2020, p. 281-288Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article explores the question of how to measure information security. Organisational information security is difficult to evaluate in this complex area because it includes numerous factors. The human factor has been acknowledged as one of the most challenging factors to consider in the field of information security. This study models the application of data envelopment analysis to business processes in order to facilitate the evaluation of information security that includes human factors. In addition to the model, this study demonstrates that data envelopment analysis provides an efficiency measure to assess the information security level of a business process. The novel approach that is proposed in this paper is exemplified with the aid of three fictive processes. The Business Process Model and Notation has been used to map the processes because it facilitates the visualisation of human interactions in processes and the form of the processed information. The combination of data envelopment analysis with process modelling and analyses of process deficiencies and threats to information security enables the evaluation of information security to include human factors in the analyses. Moreover, it provides a measure to benchmark information security in organisational processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SciTePress, 2020
Keywords
Data Envelopment Analysis, Information Security, Business Process, BPMN, Human Factor
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38729 (URN)10.5220/0008875802810288 (DOI)2-s2.0-85083024996 (Scopus ID)978-989-758-399-5 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP), February 25-27, 2020, in Valletta, Malta
Available from: 2020-03-27 Created: 2020-03-27 Last updated: 2020-04-21Bibliographically approved
Große, C. (2019). Airports as Critical Infrastructure: The Role of the Transportation-by-Air System for Regional Development and Crisis Management. In: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM): . Paper presented at International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 15-18 Dec. 2019, Macau, China. (pp. 440-444). , Article ID 8978905.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Airports as Critical Infrastructure: The Role of the Transportation-by-Air System for Regional Development and Crisis Management
2019 (English)In: 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 2019, p. 440-444, article id 8978905Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Regional airports constitute an important precondition for supply chains of goods and public services and particularly those of time-critical transports by air. However, common approaches for estimating the effects of airports on the regional economy have overlooked this essential role. This paper analyzes the interconnected role of a regional airport as a hub of critical infrastructure by applying a holistic system perspective to a Swedish case. Departing from a conceptual model, which was developed with soft systems methodology, the analysis provides novel insight into vital societal functions that are interconnected with aviation. Insights from interviews with stakeholders enrich the system model and thus provide suggestions for further developments of economic models that include the value of critical infrastructure for societal resilience.

Keywords
Critical infrastructure, Regional airports, Soft systems methodology, Stakeholder identification
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38396 (URN)10.1109/IEEM44572.2019.8978905 (DOI)2-s2.0-85079677057 (Scopus ID)978-1-7281-3804-6 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 15-18 Dec. 2019, Macau, China.
Available from: 2020-02-07 Created: 2020-02-07 Last updated: 2020-03-16Bibliographically approved
Nyman, M. & Große, C. (2019). Are You Ready When It Counts?: IT Consulting Firm’s Information Security Incident Management. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP): . Paper presented at 5th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP), Prague, Czech Republic, 23-25 February, 2019 (pp. 26-37). SciTePress, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are You Ready When It Counts?: IT Consulting Firm’s Information Security Incident Management
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP), SciTePress, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 26-37Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Information security incidents are increasing both in number and in scope. In consequence, the General Data Protection Regulation and the Directive on security of network and information systems force organisations to report such incidents to a supervision authority. Due to the growing of both the importance of managing incidents and the tendency to outsourcing, this study focuses on IT-consulting firms and highlights their vulnerable position as subcontractors. This study thereby addresses the lack of empirical research on incident management and contributes valuable insights in IT-consulting firms’ experiences with information security incident management. Evidence from interviews and a survey with experts at IT-consulting firms focuses on challenges in managing information security incidents. The analyses identify and clarify both new and known challenges, such as how the recent regulations affect the role of an IT-consulting firm and how the absence of major incidents influences stakeholder awareness. Improvements of IT-consulting firm’s incident management process need to address internal and external communication, the information security awareness of employees and customers and the adequacy of the cost focus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SciTePress, 2019
Keywords
Security Awareness, Information Security Incident Management, IT Consulting, GDPR, NIS Directive
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35902 (URN)10.5220/0007247500260037 (DOI)2-s2.0-85064667686 (Scopus ID)978-989-758-359-9 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy (ICISSP), Prague, Czech Republic, 23-25 February, 2019
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved
Große, C., Olausson, P. M. & Wallman Lundåsen, S. (2019). Blackout Ahead: Methodological Concerns in Studies of Critical Infrastructure Protection. In: Michael Beer and Enrico Zio (Ed.), Proceedings of the 29th European Safety and Reliability Conference(ESREL): . Paper presented at ESREL 2019, 22 – 26 September 2019, Hannover, Germany (pp. 1715-1723). Singapore: European Safety and Reliability Association, Article ID 304.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blackout Ahead: Methodological Concerns in Studies of Critical Infrastructure Protection
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 29th European Safety and Reliability Conference(ESREL) / [ed] Michael Beer and Enrico Zio, Singapore: European Safety and Reliability Association, 2019, p. 1715-1723, article id 304Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper highlights difficulties in studying the Swedish crisis management system with a specific focus on the planning process STYREL. This process seeks to identify and prioritize vital objects in the category of critical infrastructure (CI) in order to elaborate an emergency response plan for the case of a power shortage. The concerns in this paper originate from a research project on how actors assess CI and cooperate during the process as well as which consequences the prioritization of CI pose for society and its citizens. The project employed material from document studies in addition to interviews with security officers at municipalities, coordinators at CountyAdministrative Boards (CABs), and representatives from power grid operators (PGOs). Furthermore, a survey was conducted among all CABs and the ten PGOs that are responsible for effectuating the plan within the initial phaseof a power shortage. The results reveal problems regarding the availability of relevant planning material, gaps in knowledge due to deficient continuity, difficulties in tracing particular objects during the process, and a lack of feedback that hampers evaluation and development. Thus, Swedish critical infrastructure protection (CIP) suffers from not only a shift in responsibility to regional and local actors but also a severe lack of systemic governance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: European Safety and Reliability Association, 2019
Keywords
Critical Infrastructure Protection, Information Security, Knowledge Management, Swedish Crisis Management, Complex System Governance, Research Methodology
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37397 (URN)10.3850/978-981-11-2724-3_ 0304-cd (DOI)978-981-11-2724-3 (ISBN)
Conference
ESREL 2019, 22 – 26 September 2019, Hannover, Germany
Projects
From agencies to citizens and back - A study of collaboration and communication in the context of Styrel
Available from: 2019-09-27 Created: 2019-09-27 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Große, C. & Olausson, P. M. (2019). Blind spots in interaction between actors in Swedish planning for critical infrastructure protection. Safety Science, 118, 424-434
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blind spots in interaction between actors in Swedish planning for critical infrastructure protection
2019 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 118, p. 424-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Failures in the power supply threaten the safety of developed countries, as they are increasingly dependent on electricity to maintain important societal functions through critical infrastructure. To protect electricity-dependent critical infrastructure, Sweden has implemented a multi-level planning, called Styrel, which involves national-, regional- and local-level actors. This study focuses on interactions among key actors and their roles in the planning as well as the Swedish crisis management system. With evidence from interviews and a survey among the actors, analyses indicate blind spots in the current proceeding, such as the reliance of the outcome of the process on the actors’ commitment to achieve a common understanding of the importance of infrastructure assets and participate in collaborations. This paper reveals that actors lack awareness, knowledge, capability and resources to fulfil their roles in the national planning for critical infrastructure protection. By highlighting interrelations, this study contributes to the international discussion of identification, prioritisation and protection of critical infrastructure to mitigate consequences of power failures for a depending society.

Keywords
National safety, Governance networks, Complex system governance, Multi-level planning, Interaction, Critical infrastructure protection
National Category
Public Administration Studies Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36248 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.049 (DOI)000475999000042 ()2-s2.0-85066299123 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka: En studie av samverkan och kommunikation inom ramen för Styrel
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 40307-1
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Große, C., Olausson, P. M. & Svensson, B. (2019). Den regionala flygplatsens roll i samhället - Perspektiv från en förstudie kring Sundsvall-Timrå flygplats. In: Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman (Ed.), Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans (pp. 49-67). Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den regionala flygplatsens roll i samhället - Perspektiv från en förstudie kring Sundsvall-Timrå flygplats
2019 (Swedish)In: Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans / [ed] Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 49-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37890 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Petridou, E., Danielsson, E., Olofsson, A., Lundgren, M. & Große, C. (2019). If Crisis or War Comes: A Study of Risk Communication of Eight European Union Member States. Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, 2(2), 207-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>If Crisis or War Comes: A Study of Risk Communication of Eight European Union Member States
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2019 (English)In: Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, ISSN 2576-0025, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 207-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How do European Union (EU) member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises to which the general public might be subjected. We seek to answer the following questions: Are there any patterns in the risk communication strategies among EU member states in terms of the sender of information, the message conveyed, the method used, and the intended audience? Finally, to what extent is the state involved in ensuring the safety of its citizens? To tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece, and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, and other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We find that the institutional architecture of risk communication aligns with the broad administrative system of each member state. Countries tend to focus on risks that are specific to their context, with Sweden and, to a lesser extent, Germany having a special focus on consequences and providing guidelines to the public on how to survive for a certain period of time in the absence of the state. Especially in Sweden, though the state is a salient actor in risk communication through the dissemination of information at the agency level, the state retreats while urging the resilient citizen to take control of his or her own crisis management.

Keywords
Risk communication; comparative studies; European politics; resilience; public policy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37688 (URN)10.30658/jicrcr.2.2.3 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Große, C., Hahne, M., Olausson, P. M. & Svensson, B. (2019). Regionala flygplatser: En förstudie kring betydelsen av regionala flygplatser för samhället.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regionala flygplatser: En förstudie kring betydelsen av regionala flygplatser för samhället
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 104
Series
RCR Serie
Keywords
Samhällsviktig verksamhet, transportsystem, ekonomi, turism, krisberedskap
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36891 (URN)978-91-88947-16-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Regionala flygplatser
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved
Große, C. (2019). Sources of Uncertainty in Swedish Emergency-Response Planning. Journal of Risk Research, 22(6), 758-772
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of Uncertainty in Swedish Emergency-Response Planning
2019 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 758-772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With the growing importance of enhancing modern society’s resilience, planning for critical infrastructure protection has become essential. However, such national planning must contend with many types of uncertainty. This paper characterises sources of uncertainty that are associated with a lack of knowledge, as exemplified by Swedish planning of emergency power supplies. The planning under investigation concerns civil protection from the negative effects of a power shortage. A decision process is intended to support this national strategic management goal by identifying and prioritising electricity consumers who are critical to society at the local, regional and national levels. The analysis of related documentation yields three sources of uncertainty (S) interrelated with this multi-level planning (MLP) for emergency response: (S1) the planning process in general, (S2) the decision-making process in particular and (S3) the direction and guidance alongside these processes. Interviews with decision-makers reveal a detailed specification of these sources of uncertainty. The results thus provide a solid basis for further goal-directed improvement of national MLP approaches. Moreover, this specification contributes to scholarly debate on the systemic effects of sources of uncertainty due to a lack of knowledge. Lastly, the findings constitute a thinking framework that is suggested as a foundation for analytical work in similar complex planning environments as well as for evidence-based communication to the wider public concerning risks and resilience.

Keywords
complex planning environment, Critical infrastructure protection, decision process, emergency power supply, multi-level planning, public strategic management
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32823 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2018.1459796 (DOI)000475942700008 ()2-s2.0-85045453081 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 16 Apr 2018

Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4869-5094

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