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Danilov, Roman
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Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Wahlström, G. & Danilov, R. A. (2003). Phytoplankton successions under ice cover in four lakes located in North-Eastern Sweden: Effects of liming. Folia microbiologica (Prague), 48(3), 379-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phytoplankton successions under ice cover in four lakes located in North-Eastern Sweden: Effects of liming
2003 (English)In: Folia microbiologica (Prague), ISSN 0015-5632, E-ISSN 1874-9356, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 379-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phytoplankton successions under ice cover (January-March) were determined in four oligotrophic lakes (Burtjarn, Aspen, Vialamptjarn and Storkorstjarn) located in North-Eastern Sweden. The total phosphorus concentration in the lakes was less than 10 mug/L. Lake Burtjarn (reference lake) had a similar hydrology as Lake Aspen. Storkorstjarn and Vialamptjarn were of similar hydrology and had heavily colored water (>100 mg(Pt)/L). Aspen as well as Vialamptjarn became continuously limed with calcium carbonate annually during the last decades. Biodiversity was considerably higher in the limed lakes (Aspen and Vialamptjarn) than in the untreated lakes (Burtjarn and Storkorstjarn). In Lake Burtjarn the most frequent species were Rhodomonas lacustris, Tabellaria flocculosa and Botryococcus braunii. Cryptophyceae (R. lacustris and Cryptomonas marssonii) and Dinophyceae (especially Gymnodinium lantzschii) were common phytoplankton groups in Lake Aspen. Tabellaria flocculosa was also the most common organism in both humic lakes Storkorstjarn and Vialamptjarn, other phytoplankton groups were in the humic lakes scarce. Liming was found to have profound effects on phytoplankton communities studied.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-13645 (URN)10.1007/BF02931370 (DOI)000183768600011 ()2-s2.0-0041384604 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-04-19 Created: 2011-04-19 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2002). Effects of short-term and long-term aluminium stress on photosynthesis, respiration and reproductive capacity in a unicellular green flagellate (Euglena gracilis).. Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, 30(4), 190-196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of short-term and long-term aluminium stress on photosynthesis, respiration and reproductive capacity in a unicellular green flagellate (Euglena gracilis).
2002 (English)In: Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, ISSN 0323-4320, E-ISSN 1521-401X, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 190-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effects of short-term (1 h exposure) and long-term (7 d exposure) aluminium stress on photosynthesis and reproductive capacity have been studied in Euglena gracilis strain Z. Following concentrations of Altot (added as AlCl3) were tested: 0.5 mg L-1, 1.0 mg L-1, 1.5 mg L-1, 2.5 mg L-1, 7.5 mg L-1, 10.0 mg L-1, and 15.0 mg L-1 Al, respectively. Growth rates at different aluminium concentrations did not show significant differences, except at 15.0 mg L-1 Al. Initial respiration was higher in long-term than in the short-term experiments. It is supposed that an energy-dependent mechanism of excretion of aluminium ions has been active in the stressed cells. Consequently, the cells of E. gracilis after long-term exposure to aluminium are believed to be more acclimatised to the aluminium stress. Photosynthetic efficiency (PE) has been negatively affected by aluminium in all experiments performed. Differences between control algae and those treated with aluminium were significant in all cases. PE in long-term experiments was in general significantly higher at all concentrations of aluminium studied, compared to the short-term experiments. The aluminium concentrations tested led only to a general decrease in PE while the level of decrease was not especially concentration-dependent. In general, aluminium tolerance of E. gracilis can be estimated as low, especially by short-term exposure. However, good acclimatisation capacity of this green flagellate to aluminium doses by long-term exposure can be supposed.

Keywords
Euglena gracilis, photosynthesis, aluminium
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2158 (URN)10.1002/aheh.200390002 (DOI)000180647700003 ()2-s2.0-0037000524 (Scopus ID)1376 (Local ID)1376 (Archive number)1376 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-12-10 Created: 2008-12-10 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. A. & Ekelund, N. (2002). Periphyton communities on natural substrata in eu-, meso- and oligotrophic lakes at higher latitude. Biologia (Bratislava), 57(4), 433-436
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Periphyton communities on natural substrata in eu-, meso- and oligotrophic lakes at higher latitude
2002 (English)In: Biologia (Bratislava), ISSN 0006-3088, E-ISSN 1336-9563, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 433-436Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Natural epiphyton and epilithon communities were studied in eu-, meso- and oligotrophic lakes at latitude of 62degrees54' N in Vasternorrlands region of Sweden. The samples of epiphyton as well as epilithon (three per lake) were identical and specific for each lake studied. Both epiphytic and epilithic communities consisted of members of three classes of algae - Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Bacillariophyceae. The highest species diversity was detected within Chlorophyceae while Cyanophyceae and Bacillariophyceae contained the same amount of species. In general, epiphyton and epilithon shared 44% of species identified. However, both epiphyton and epilithon showed distinct patterns between lakes of different trophic level. Epiphyton in the eutrophic lakes were clearly dominated by Cyanophyceae (Bacillariophyceae co-dominated in one of the eutrophic lakes). Both mesotrophic and oligotrophic lakes were signed by high abundance of Chlorophyceae and almost complete absence of Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae. Epilithic communities in the oligotrophic lakes had higher species diversity than those in the meso- and eutrophic lakes studied. Chlorophyceae were dominant in two eutrophic lakes and Cyanophyceae only in one eutrophic lake, Chlorophyceae as well as Bacillariophyceae were abundant in the oligotrophic lakes. Cluster analysis based on species presence-absence led to a sufficient resolution between both epiphytic and epilithic communities of eutrophic environments, on the one hand, and epiphytic and epilithic communities of meso- and oligotrophic environments, on the other.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-13630 (URN)000178172800003 ()2-s2.0-0348001883 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-04-19 Created: 2011-04-19 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Pystina, N. V. & Danilov, R. (2002). Temperature-dependent alterations of respiration in leaves of two selected vascular plant species: The role of the alternative oxidase pathway. Bragantia, 61(2), 111-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Temperature-dependent alterations of respiration in leaves of two selected vascular plant species: The role of the alternative oxidase pathway
2002 (English)In: Bragantia, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 111-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effects of higher temperatures on respiration and activity of alternative oxidase (AOX) were studied in mature leaves of Ajuga reptans L. and Rhodiola rosea L. Total respiration in both A. reptans and R. rosea increased exponentially with the increasing temperature of 10°C to 35°C. Respiration in the presence of benzhydroxamic acid (BHAM) also increased exponentially in accordance with the increasing temperature in the leaves of both A. reptans and R. rosea. Relative activity of the alternative pathway decreased significantly in the leaves of A. reptans with increasing temperatures. However, an increase in the relative activity of the alternative pathway was detected in the leaves of R. rosea. Thermoresistance of the alternative respiratory pathway was considered to be higher in R. rosea compared to A. reptans. We suppose that A. reptans and R. rosea have different mechanisms regulating partitioning of electrons to the alternative respiratory pathway.

Keywords
Alternative oxidase, Alternative respiratory pathway, Leaves, Respiration, Temperature
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29046 (URN)2-s2.0-0347658859 (Scopus ID)
Note

Article

Available from: 2016-10-05 Created: 2016-10-05 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. A. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Applicability of growth rate, cell shape and motility of Euglena gracilis as physiological parameters for bioassessment at lower concentrations of toxic substances: an experimental approach.. Environmental Toxicology, 16(1), 78-83
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Applicability of growth rate, cell shape and motility of Euglena gracilis as physiological parameters for bioassessment at lower concentrations of toxic substances: an experimental approach.
2001 (English)In: Environmental Toxicology, ISSN 1520-4081, E-ISSN 1522-7278, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 78-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The responses of the growth rate, motility, and cell shape in the green flagellate Euglena gracilis to different concentrations of waste water substances from the pulp and paper industry were tested in a long-term study (7 days). Samples before (uncleaned sample) and after (cleaned sample) the treatment in a cleaning system were studied. The influence of different doses of UV-B radiation on cell shape and motility was also investigated. No statistically significant effects of increasing concentrations of the waste substances both before and after the cleaning process (except inhibition by the undiluted uncleaned effluent) on the growth rate in E. gracilis were observed. Cell shape turned out to be an unreliable physiological parameter for assessing the toxicity at lower concentrations of waste water substances. No significant patterns could be observed in the response of the cell shape to the different concentrations of the waste water substances or to UV-B radiation. Motility has been concluded to be a more sensitive parameter than cell shape. However, no clear patterns were observed in the response of the motility to the different concentrations of the waste water substances studied. Increasing concentrations of the uncleaned sample demonstrated a defense against UV-B radiation, due to the high absorbance in the UV-B range, when effects on motility were examined. We conclude that contrary to the results reported in the literature earlier, cell shape and motility of E. gracilis are not universal physiological parameters for bioassessment at lower concentrations of toxic substances, including metals such as copper and zinc from the pulp and paper industry. The long-duration tests had, in general, higher significance than those of short duration.

Keywords
Cell shape, Euglena gracilis, Growth rate, Motility, Pulp and paper industry, Toxicity assessment, Ultraviolet-B radiation (280-320 nm), Waste water
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7362 (URN)10.1002/1522-7278(2001)16:1<78::AID-TOX90>3.0.CO;2-9 (DOI)000166657900009 ()11345548 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035153756 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2008-12-07 Created: 2008-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Comparative studies on the usefulness of seven ecological indices for the marine coastal monitoring close to the shore on the swedish east coast. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, 66(3), 265-279
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative studies on the usefulness of seven ecological indices for the marine coastal monitoring close to the shore on the swedish east coast
2001 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 265-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The simultaneous behaviour of seven ecological indices (Hurlbert's, Margalef's, Menhinick's, Shannon's, species number, Jaccard's and saprobic index) was studied based on phytoplankton data close to the shore on the East coast of Sweden during the summer 1998. The sampling stations had a similar eutrophication level and were located in bays. Standard phytoplankton databases were used in calculating the indices, which were later compared using cluster analysis. Hurlbert's, Margalef's, Menhinick's, Shannon's and species number indices, as measure of community diversity, produced similar trends which often differed from those based on Jaccard's index of similarity. However, the simultaneous use of these indices was found meaningful as a possible part of the monitoring close to the shore. The application of a saprobic index lead to erroneous conclusions in the studied case.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7361 (URN)10.1023/A:1006364317956 (DOI)000166500700004 ()11281424 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035138912 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2008-12-07 Created: 2008-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Comparison of usefulness of three types of artificial substrata (glass, wood and plastic) when studying settlement patterns of periphyton in lakes of different trophic status. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 45(3), 167-170
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of usefulness of three types of artificial substrata (glass, wood and plastic) when studying settlement patterns of periphyton in lakes of different trophic status
2001 (English)In: Journal of Microbiological Methods, ISSN 0167-7012, E-ISSN 1872-8359, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 167-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Usefulness of three types of artificial substrata (glass, wood and plastic) was tested when studying settlement patterns of periphyton in lakes of different trophic status. Strictly eu-, meso- and oligotrophic lakes in central Sweden were chosen as objects of the study. Glass slides, glass tubes, pieces of plastic (PVC) and pieces of wood of similar dimensions were placed for 9 weeks in July-August vertically 3 cm above bottom at a total depth of ca. 30 cm. Substrata were located at well-illuminated places without any other submerged objects (like macrophytes and stones), which could potentially affect colonisation patterns by algae. Periphyton communities, which colonised both the glass tubes and the pieces of wood tested, were specific enough to enable a clear classification of the lakes studied in eu-, meso- and oligotrophic. Glass tubes turned out to be the most favourable substratum when investigating settlement patterns of periphyton in this study. Although also colonised by periphytic species, wood did not support the same diversity and abundance of species as glass did. No algae were detected on the plastics studied. The plastics were covered entirely by a slime layer of bacteria. It is discussed if the nature of plastics could have some inhibitory effects on algal growth or the slime layer itself may have prevented settlement of algal spores.

Keywords
Artificial substrata, Periphyton, Trophic status
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7360 (URN)10.1016/S0167-7012(01)00247-0 (DOI)11348674 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035023306 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2008-12-07 Created: 2008-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Effects of Cu2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and pentachlorophenol on photosynthesis and motility in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in short-term exposure experiments.. BMC Ecology, 1(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of Cu2+, Ni2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and pentachlorophenol on photosynthesis and motility in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in short-term exposure experiments.
2001 (English)In: BMC Ecology, ISSN 1472-6785, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Heavy metals, especially copper, nickel, lead and zinc, have adverse effects on terrestrial and in aquatic environments. However, their impact can vary depending on the nature of organisms. Taking into account the ability of heavy metals to accumulate in sediments, extended knowledge of their effects on aquatic biota is needed. In this context the use of model organisms (often unicellular), which allows for rapid assessment of pollutants in freshwater, can be of advantage. Pentachlorophenol has been extensively used for decades as a bleaching agent by pulpand paper industry. Pentachlorophenol tends to accumulate in the nature. We aim to determine if photosynthesis and motility can be used as sensitive physiological parameters in toxicological studies of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a motile green unicellular alga. It is discussed if photosynthesis and motility can be used as sensitive physiological parameters in toxicological studies. Results: The concentrations studied ranged from 0.1 to 2.0 mg l-1 for copper, nickel, lead and zinc, and from 0.1 to 10.0 mg l-1 for pentachlorophenol. Exposure time was set to 24 h. Copper and pentachlorophenol turned out to be especially toxic for photosynthetic efficiency (PE) in C. reinhardtii. Conclusion: Copper and pentachlorophenol turned out to be especially toxic for PE in C. reinhardtii. Zinc has been concluded to be moderately toxic while nickel and lead had stimulatory effects on the PE. Because of high variance, motility was not considered a reliable physiological parameter when assessing toxicity of the substances using C. reinhardtii. © 2001 Danilov and Ekelund, licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Keywords
Chlamydomonas, pentachlorophenol
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2855 (URN)10.1186/1472-6785-1-1 (DOI)11387031 (PubMedID)3042555703 (Scopus ID)2420 (Local ID)2420 (Archive number)2420 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Effects of pH on the growth rate, motility and photosynthesis in Euglena gracilis. Folia microbiologica (Prague), 46(6), 549-554
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of pH on the growth rate, motility and photosynthesis in Euglena gracilis
2001 (English)In: Folia microbiologica (Prague), ISSN 0015-5632, E-ISSN 1874-9356, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 549-554Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of pH 3-10 on the growth, motility and photosynthesis in Euglena gracilis was demonstrated during a 7-d cultivation. The cells did not survive at pH <4 and >8, highest growth rate being detected at pH 7. Motility followed a similar pattern as growth rate. Photosynthetic response curves were shown to be of the same type over the whole pH range. High respiration was characteristic for cells grown at pH 5 and 6, the lowest one at 7. At high and also at low pH more active respiration was found which can be considered as a protective response on proton stress. Respiration was not completely inhibited with potassium cyanide. Photosynthesis was the most effective at pH 6; lower and higher pH decreased photosynthetic efficiency. pH affected more the growth rate than the photosynthesis.

Keywords
photosynthesis, motility, pH, Euglena gracilis
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2234 (URN)10.1007/BF02818001 (DOI)000173927100014 ()11898347 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035753018 (Scopus ID)1377 (Local ID)1377 (Archive number)1377 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Danilov, R. & Ekelund, N. (2001). Effects of solar radiation, humic substances and nutrients on phytoplankton biomass in Lake Solumsjö, Sweden.. Hydrobiologia, 444(1-3), 203-212
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of solar radiation, humic substances and nutrients on phytoplankton biomass in Lake Solumsjö, Sweden.
2001 (English)In: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, Vol. 444, no 1-3, p. 203-212Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
phytoplankton, solar radiation, humic substances
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-2856 (URN)10.1023/A:1017535830980 (DOI)000168334400016 ()2422 (Local ID)2422 (Archive number)2422 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2011-04-05Bibliographically approved
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