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Romild, Ulla
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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Svensson, J., Romild, U., Månsdotter, A. & Nordenmark, M. (2011). Gendered gambling domains and changes in Sweden. International Gambling Studies, 11(2), 193-211
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered gambling domains and changes in Sweden
2011 (English)In: International Gambling Studies, ISSN 1445-9795, E-ISSN 1479-4276, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 193-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study examines two Swedish replication prevalence studies (n = 10,000 and n = 15,000) with the aim of exploring evidence for a feminization of gambling in Sweden between 1997/1998 and 2008/2009. Gambling domains were classified based on the games' basic orientation towards strategy and chance, as well as on each game's setting in either a public place or a home environment. The criterion for a domain was that the respondent had gambled at least twice a month in any mode of gambling within the domain. Logistic regression analysis showed no signs of a feminization. Instead, the gender order in gambling seems to be reinforced. Preferences for the different types of domains were still highlygendered, despite the fact that men in 2008/2009 tended to gamble more on games of chance, especially in public places. The implications of the findings in relation to gender equality and constraints on women's leisure activities are further discussed. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

Keywords
Gambling, gender
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-14730 (URN)10.1080/14459795.2011.581676 (DOI)2-s2.0-79961011100 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-11-14 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Svensson, J. & Romild, U. (2011). Incidence of Internet gambling in Sweden.: Results from the Swedish longitudinal gambling study. International Gambling Studies, 11(3), 357-375
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incidence of Internet gambling in Sweden.: Results from the Swedish longitudinal gambling study
2011 (English)In: International Gambling Studies, ISSN 1445-9795, E-ISSN 1479-4276, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 357-375Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, Internet gamblingwas studied with data fromthe first twowaves of the Swedish longitudinal gambling study. Self-reported gambling problems, alcohol consumption,smoking,mental health, social support, gender and other socio-demographic factors were evaluated with respect to the prevalence of Internet gambling in 2008 and 2009 and the incidence in 2009. Multivariate logistic regression was used. In 2009 most Internet gamblers (72%)weremen.However,women seemto have becomemore involved in Internet gambling. In 2009, 62.5% of new Internet gamblers since 2008 were men. Mental health, alcohol, smoking and social support were not predictive factors for incident Internet gambling. Self-reported gambling on regulated Internet sites showed higher prevalence rates of problem gamblers than gambling on land-based forms in 2008, but not in 2009. At both time-points, unregulated sites had the highest rates of problemgambling. The findings suggest that a gender perspective on Internet gambling is needed as well as carefully designed policies and research related to the regulation of Internet gambling.

Keywords
Internet gambling, gender, health, longitudinal, regulation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15013 (URN)10.1080/14459795.2011.629203 (DOI)2-s2.0-84859236395 (Scopus ID)
Note
National Institute of Public Health has funded the studyAvailable from: 2011-12-02 Created: 2011-12-02 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Alricsson, M., Domalewski, D., Romild, U. & Asplund, R. (2009). Health, sleeping Habits and Physical activity. In: Omar H A, Greydanus D E, Patel D R, Merrick J. (Ed.), Obesity and Adolescence: A Public Health Concern (pp. 97-105). New york: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health, sleeping Habits and Physical activity
2009 (English)In: Obesity and Adolescence: A Public Health Concern / [ed] Omar H A, Greydanus D E, Patel D R, Merrick J., New york: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, p. 97-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New york: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10896 (URN)2-s2.0-84896228121 (Scopus ID)978-1-60692-821-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-03-11Bibliographically approved
Makenzius, M., Gådin, K. G., Tydén, T., Larsson, M. & Romild, U. (2009). Male students' behaviour, knowledge, attitudes, and needs in sexual and reproductive health matters. European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, 14(4), 268-276
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Male students' behaviour, knowledge, attitudes, and needs in sexual and reproductive health matters
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2009 (English)In: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, ISSN 1362-5187, E-ISSN 1473-0782, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 268-276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To investigate young male students' behaviour, knowledge, attitudes, and needs related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Differences between students on vocational and academic study programmes were also investigated. Method A questionnaire consisting of 87 multiple choice questions was distributed to 253 male students attending three upper secondary schools in a single Swedish county. Results A response rate of 76% (n=192) was achieved. Vocational students displayed more risk behaviour than those in academic study programmes regarding use of tobacco and sexual behaviour. Eighteen percent of those who were sexually experienced had suggested or provided the emergency contraception pill (ECP) to a girl. Insufficient knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was identified, especially among the vocational students. No one reported the upper secondary school as their main source of knowledge and both groups requested more information about both genders' reproductive systems, and STIs. Some discriminatory attitudes regarding gender equality in SRH matters were identified. Both groups stated that male-friendly Youth Health Clinics (YHCs), easier access to condoms and Internet-service for Chlamydia test are important. Conclusions Improvements in the quality and quantity of sex education in upper secondary schools are needed; they should be tailored to the spectrum of students' situations and needs. A structure of the YHC adapted to male youths' needs and alternative, easily accessible STI tests are important factors for reaching young men and having them participate in a responsible way in protecting their own and their partners' SRH.

Keywords
Attitudes; Contraception; Knowledge; Male sexuality; Reproductive health; Sex education; STI; Young men
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-9603 (URN)10.1080/13625180903015871 (DOI)000268280100004 ()2-s2.0-70349562603 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2009-09-01 Created: 2009-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Fredman, P., Romild, U., Emmelin, L. & Yuan, M. (2009). Non-compliance with on-site data collection in outdoor recreation monitoring. Visitor Studies, 12(2), 164-181
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-compliance with on-site data collection in outdoor recreation monitoring
2009 (English)In: Visitor Studies, ISSN 1064-5578, E-ISSN 1934-7715, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 164-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Awide range of methods exists for on-site visitormonitoring in parks and recreation areas. Self-registration methods have proven to be popular because of their low cost and relative ease of administration, but little is known about the extent to which the data collected from self-registration boxes are representative of the population of visitors, and the degree that bias exists as a result of non-compliance. This article examines these concerns based on research at Fulufj¨allet National Park in Sweden. On-site registration card and follow-up mail survey data from a sample of visitors who did not voluntarily register were compared with the same kind of data for visitors who did register voluntarily. In total, 10 registration card items and 284 mail survey items were tested for variations between compliant and non-compliant visitors. Of these, one third of the card items, 12% and 3% of the survey items for Swedish and German visitors, respectively, yielded statistically significant differences. Implications for management and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Keywords
Visitor monitoring outdoor recreation
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-10725 (URN)10.1080/10645570903203471 (DOI)2-s2.0-77649158484 (Scopus ID)ETOUR (Local ID)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Available from: 2009-12-18 Created: 2009-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Kahlin, Y., Werner, S., Romild, U. & Alricsson, M. (2009). Self-related health, physical activity, BMI and musculoskeletal complaints - a comparison between foreign and Swedish high school students. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 21(3), 327-341
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-related health, physical activity, BMI and musculoskeletal complaints - a comparison between foreign and Swedish high school students
2009 (English)In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 327-341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Physical activities during leisure time and school hours as well as nutritional habits have changed over the past years by adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary life-style. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible differences between foreign and Swedish high school students in terms of self-related health, physical activity, overweight, and possible complaints from the musculoskeletal system. METHODS: 1,090 high school students, 450 with foreign background and 640 with Swedish background, aged 16-26 years answered a questionnaire. RESULTS: A higher percentage of students with foreign background reported poor self-related health compared with students with Swedish background (p = .038). Students with a foreign background were to a greater extent less physically active than students of Swedish background (p = .003). No differences were found between the groups regarding musculoskeletal complaints. Students with foreign background were more often overweight than students with Swedish background and overweight was more frequent among males than females. Physical activity (moderate and high level) was concluded to be a factor with significant positive effect on self-related general health (moderate level p = .042, high level (p < .001), and musculoskeletal complaints were negative factors on self-related general health (p < .001). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that adolescents with foreign background should participate in physical activity to prevent overweight and thereby improve physical health.

 

 

Keywords
Adolescents; Disorder; Gender; Immigrant; Questionnaire; Sports; Survey
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8508 (URN)20014636 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-72149108122 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2009-02-02 Created: 2009-02-02 Last updated: 2010-06-14Bibliographically approved
Fredman, P., Karlsson, S.-E., Romild, U. & Sandell, K. (Eds.). (2008). Besöka naturen – hemma eller borta?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige.. Östersund: Mittuniversitetet, ETOUR
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Besöka naturen – hemma eller borta?: Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige.
2008 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Detta är en av fyra rapporter som ger en översiktlig bild av resultaten från en nationell enkätundersökning om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige. Studien är genomförd av forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i förändring. Resultaten som presenteras här fokuserar bl a på var man besöker naturen. De drygt 60 % som uppgav att de besökt naturområden inom 10 mil från bostaden under de senaste 12 månaderna fick olika följdfrågor utifrån det område som de ansåg som viktigast. Den största andelen av dessa (cirka 45 %) hade besökt naturområden med mest skog och därefter följde i fallande ordning: områden med flera olika naturtyper (12 %), sjö och vattendrag (11 %) samt skärgård (10 %). Hälften av de svarande hade 5 km eller kortare till naturområdet, medan det genomsnittliga avståndet var cirka 17 km. Majoriteten av de svarande har besökt det aktuella naturområdet upp till 3 gånger per månad och ungefär 40 % av de svarande har besökt området en gång i veckan eller oftare, drygt 6 % gör ett besök varje dag. Hälften av de svarande stannade högst 2,5 timmar i naturområdet i genomsnitt. En av fyra svarande angav att ett genomsnittligt besök varade i högst en timme, och cirka 15% angav att besöket varade i ett eller flera dygn. För hälften av de svarande var den totala kostnaden 40 kr eller mindre per besök, medan motsvarande betalningsvilja för att fortsätta besöka naturområdet uppgick till högst 100 kr per besök. Detta kan tolkas som att det finns ett ”mervärde” (ett s.k. konsumentöverskott) av ett besök utöver de kostnader besöket medför. Knappt hälften av de som svarade har tillgång till fritidsboende på något sätt. Det är framför allt fjäll- och kustkommuner som är populära fritidsbostadsdestinationer och många tillbringar en stor del av sin tid i fritidsbostaden. Allemansrätten är av stor betydelse när det gäller svenska folkets möjligheter till friluftsliv och andra utomhusaktiviteter och vi kan konstatera att de svarandes kunskaper om allemansrätten generellt är goda. Omkring 90 % av de svarande prickade rätt i olika påståenden om vad den grundläggande allemansrätten innebär. Vi kan också konstatera att allemansrättens ställning är mycket stark. Så mycket som 94 % av de svarande är helt eller delvis eniga med påståendet att allemansrätten är viktig att försvara och 77 % anser allemansrätten viktig för deras egna utomhusaktiviteter. Det kan jämföras med betydelsen av naturreservat och nationalparker som uppges som viktiga för utomhusaktiviteterna av 43 %. Angående strandskyddet anger en majoritet av de svarande (69 %) att tillgängligheten till strandnära områden/stränder är god men det finns ett visst stöd för att kommunerna ska få större inflytande över strändernas skydd, om än inte hos en majoritet av de svarande.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mittuniversitetet, ETOUR, 2008. p. 60
Series
Rapport / Forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i förändring ; 3
Keywords
Friluftsliv
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7782 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)978-91-86073-08-4 (ISBN)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Available from: 2008-12-18 Created: 2008-12-15 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved
Alricsson, M., Landstad, B., Romild, U. & Gundersen, K. (2008). Physical activity, health, BMI and body complaints in high school students. Minerva Pediatrica, 60(1), 19-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical activity, health, BMI and body complaints in high school students
2008 (English)In: Minerva Pediatrica, ISSN 0026-4946, E-ISSN 1827-1715, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 19-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 

AIM: Children and adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less

physically active and are adopting a sedentary lifestyle in front of computers

and TV. The aim of the present investigation was to determine self-related

health, physical activity, prevalence of overweight and body complaints in

high school students in Norway, and to compare students in academic

programs with those in vocational programs. METHODS: Seven hundred and

two high school students aged 16-19 years were included in the study. A

questionnaire was completed in three high schools and included questions

about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical

activity/sport, intensity, possible injuries or complaints during the last three

months. RESULTS: Twenty three percent of the students suffers from

overweight/obesity are at risk of being overweight. Males reported better

health than females (P<0.02). Sixty-six percent of the study group reported

body complaints during the last three months, a higher number of females

than males (P=0.001). Students in vocational programs reported poorer selfrelated

health than those in academic programs and the males reported

better self-related health generally than females. Furthermore, there were a

higher level of prevalence of overweight students in vocational programs

than academic programs (P=0.039). CONCLUSION: It is important to make it

easy for school children and adolescents to do physical activity at school and

during leisure time in order to prevent overweight and obesity as well as

chronic diseases later in life.

 

Keywords
Physical activity, Health, Overweight, Body complaints
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-4500 (URN)18277361 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-42049107745 (Scopus ID)5591 (Local ID)5591 (Archive number)5591 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-11-29 Created: 2008-11-29 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Alricsson, M., Domalewski, D., Romild, U. & Asplund, R. (2008). Physical activity, health, body mass index, sleeping habits and bodycomplaints in Australian senior high school students. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20(4), 501-512
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical activity, health, body mass index, sleeping habits and bodycomplaints in Australian senior high school students
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, ISSN 0334-0139, E-ISSN 2191-0278, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 501-512Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescents in the industrial world are becoming less physically active and are increasingly adopting a sedentary life-style in front of computers and television screens. OBJECTIVE: to determine self-related health, physical activity, sleeping habits, prevalence of overweight, and body complaints in Australian senior high school students. METHODS: Participants were 466 high school students aged 15-17 years enrolled in academic and vocational programs. A questionnaire was completed at two senior high schools with questions about weight and height, health, physical activity, type of physical activity/sport, intensity, sleeping habits, and possible injuries or complaints during the last three months. RESULTS: Seventy seven percent of the high school students participated in sports on a regular basis. Compared with vocational programs, more males and females in academic programs participated in sports (71% and 80% respectively) (p = .036). Males reported significantly better health than females (p < .0001). 65% of the study group reported body complaints during the last 3 months. A higher number of females than males reported complaints about the back (p = .007) and the hip (p = .05). Good sleep was reported in 82.1% of males and in 76.6% of females. In males, 44.3% were often sleepy in the daytime (females 56.6%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Underweight, physical activity and good sleep are factors with significant positive effect on good health, whereas overweight is a negative factor. Proper sleep habits and higher physical activity levels should be promoted among high school students, and TV viewing time and video game use restricted. Additionally, schools should provide opportunities for young people to participate in a wider range of physical activities that address their individual needs while promoting the health benefits of engaging in regular exercise.

Keywords
Rehabilitation medicine, Rehabiliteringsvetenskap
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-8507 (URN)19230450 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-58549108804 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2009-02-02 Created: 2009-02-02 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Fredman, P., Karlsson, S.-E., Romild, U. & Sandell, K. (Eds.). (2008). Vad är friluftsliv? Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige. Östersund: Mittuniversitetet. Etour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad är friluftsliv? Delresultat från en nationell enkät om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige
Show others...
2008 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Detta är en av fyra rapporter som ger en översiktlig bild av resultaten från en nationell enkätundersökning om friluftsliv och naturturism i Sverige. Studien är genomförd av forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i förändring. Resultaten som presenteras här fokuserar bl a på hur man uppfattar friluftsliv och naturturism. Begreppet friluftsliv har bara i begränsad utsträckning använts i denna undersökning då det inte är självklart hur det tolkas och används av olika personer. När vi listade ett antal utomhusaktiviteter och frågade i vilken utsträckning man anser att dessa är friluftsliv visade det sig att vandringar i skog och mark samt fjällvandringar var de som kom högst (87 respektive 88 % anser att detta helt och hållet är friluftsliv) följt av kajakpaddling (61 %) och fågelskådning (59 %). Aktiviteten ”Gå i en park i staden” är den aktivitet som minst andel av de svarande (8 %) anser är friluftsliv helt och hållet men man bör då notera att 77 % av de svarande anser att även ”Gå i en park i staden” är friluftsliv i någon utsträckning. De motorburna aktiviteterna att köra/åka motorbåt respektive snöskoter är två av de fyra aktiviteter som minst andel av de svarande associerar med friluftsliv. Dock är det även för dessa båda aktiviteter ca 40 % av de svarande som anser att dessa helt och hållet eller till stor del är friluftsliv. När det gäller planering och förvaltning för friluftsliv så är de svarande mycket positiva till bullerfria områden liksom till information och tillrättaläggning, t.ex. att det finns markerade leder och informationsskyltar. Att området är obetydligt påverkat av människor och att man kan förflytta sig långa sträckor utan att se hus, vägar eller andra besökare är andra exempel på sådant som de svarande är mycket positiva till. Mest negativ är man till skräp i naturen liksom tecken på miljöproblem som algblomning och liknande. Betydelsen av närnatur understryks och det finns ett starkt stöd för tanken att det är ett offentligt ansvar att skydda markområden för friluftsliv. En stor majoritet av de svarande (81 %) anser att det är viktigt att samhället satsar resurser för att underlätta människors möjligheter till naturupplevelser och över hälften av de svarande ger stöd för påståendet att skatten ska finansiera vandrings- och skidleder, elljusspår, preparerade skidspår, parkeringar vid friluftsområden, skyltning och utställningar vid dessa, samt badplatser. Men en klar majoritet (över 70 %) av de svarande anser däremot att guidade turer och övernattningsstugor ska finansieras genom avgifter. När vi bad de svarande att ange hur stora utgifter de haft som kunde kopplas till det man själv betraktar som friluftsliv så har drygt hälften angett en utgift på 5 000 kr eller mindre per år, en fjärdedel lägger mindre än 1 000 kr per år och ca 10 % lägger mer än 20 000kr per år. I en fråga om känslomässiga skillnader i hur man uppfattar de tre företeelserna ”friluftsliv”, ”motion utomhus” samt ”turistande i naturen” så är det dominerande intrycket att mönstren ligger mycket nära varandra, framförallt för friluftsliv och motion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mittuniversitetet. Etour, 2008. p. 60
Series
Rapport / Forskningsprogrammet Friluftsliv i förändring ; 4
Keywords
Friluftsliv, natuturism
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-7783 (URN)ETOUR (Local ID)978-91-86073-09-1 (ISBN)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Note

I samförfattarskap med: Gabriel Bladh, Mattias Boman, Lars Emmelin, Lena Ernerfeldt Burman, Anna-Lena Haraldson, Silvia Henningsson, Anders Lindhagen, Linda Lundmark, Leif Mattsson, Dieter K. Müller, Johan Norman, Lena Petersson Forsberg, Mattias Sandberg, Marie Stenseke och Johan Öhman

Available from: 2008-12-18 Created: 2008-12-15 Last updated: 2017-11-17Bibliographically approved

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